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    which is the largest country? russia china iran usa

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    Largest Countries in the World

    Find a list of the world's largest countries according to land mass. Russia is massive, at over 17 million square kilometers.

    Largest Countries in the World by Area

    Largest Countries in the World by Area The top ten largest countries, in square kilometers.

    The countries of the world are diverse in terms of language, in terms of wealth, in terms of culture--they're also very diverse in terms of size. The smallest countries measure just a couple square miles. The biggest are absolutely massive. Here are the world's largest countries, listed in order of total area. You might also be interested in our list of the most populous countries (which is another metric people often mean by "largest countries").

    Rank Country Area in sq. km1. Russia 17,098,2422. Canada 9,984,6703. United States 9,826,6754. China 9,596,9615. Brazil 8,514,8776. Australia 7,741,2207. India 3,287,2638. Argentina 2,780,4009. Kazakhstan 2,724,90010. Algeria 2,381,741

    The largest by continent

    This is a bit of a tricky category, since the absolute largest country, Russia, straddles two continents (or not, depending on which model of the continents you follow). "Asian" Russia would still be the largest country in Asia. Greenland is also questionable, since it's technically governed by Iceland. Using the Seven Continents model popular in the U.S., the largest countries entirely within each continent are listed here below:

    Africa: Algeria, the Republic of Congo, Sudan, Libya, Chad, Niger, Angola, Mali, South Africa, and Ethiopia.Asia: China, India, Kazakhstan, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia Iran, Mongolia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Yemen.Europe: Turkey, France, Ukraine, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Finland, Norway, Poland, and Italy.North America: Canada, the United States, Greenland*, Mexico, Nicaragua, Honduras, Cuba, Guatemala, Panama, and Costa Rica.Oceania: Australia, , Papua New Guinea, and New Zealand,South America: Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela, Chile, Paraguay, Guyana and Uruguay.

    (And then Antarctica has no countries. Were it a country, it would be the second largest after Russia)

    How we measure size

    A country's total area includes its landmass and a region of sea extending out to (or beyond) its continental shelf. Different countries measure their oceanic area differently, which can lead to some flexibility in the rankings. We've gone with the official areas listed in the CIA World Factbook, but some might argue that we should only measure a country's land area. In that case, the rankings would change slightly. China would be the second largest country, then the U.S. then Canada.

    How we display size

    Many people remember the episode of the West Wing where they discuss map projections. It is true that the commonly used Mercator projection gives a false impression of how big different countries are; to fit a 3D globe onto a flat plane, areas near the poles are stretched out and made bigger. That said, Russia, Canada, and the United States are all very big in reality. These three have held the top three spots, in that order, since the United States incorporated Alaska in the 1900s.

    Recent changes

    In a surprising change from the norm, as national borders have been fairly fixed for the past decades, Russia has arguably gained area (if one includes Crimea in the count). Crimea would add another 27,000 square kilometers to Russia's already boggling size.

    NOTE: Country rankings aren't definitive; instead they provide an approximate comparison. Country data vary enormously depending on the sources, and there is an absence of reliable data on some countries.

    Source: The World Factbook and the U.S. Census Bureau, International Database.

    Sources +

    See also:

    The World's Most Populous Countries

    स्रोत : www.infoplease.com

    Largest Countries in the World by Area

    W Largest Countries in the World (ranked by area)

    Largest Countries in the World (by area)

    The largest country in the world is Russia with a total area of 17,098,242 Km² (6,601,665 mi²) and a land area of 16,376,870 Km² (6,323,142 mi²), equivalent to 11% of the total world's landmass of 148,940,000 Km² (57,510,000 square miles).

    See also:

    Most Populous Countries

    List of countries (and dependencies) ranked by area

    Total Area = land area + water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, and rivers)

    Km² = square kilometers | mi² = square miles

    # Country Tot. Area (Km²) Tot. Area (mi²) Land Area (Km²) Land Area (mi²) % of world landmass

    1 Russia 17,098,242 6,601,665 16,376,870 6,323,142 11.0 %

    2 Canada 9,984,670 3,855,101 9,093,510 3,511,022 6.1 %

    3 China 9,706,961 3,747,877 9,388,211 3,624,807 6.3 %

    4 United States 9,372,610 3,618,783 9,147,420 3,531,837 6.1 %

    5 Brazil 8,515,767 3,287,955 8,358,140 3,227,095 5.6 %

    6 Australia 7,692,024 2,969,906 7,682,300 2,966,151 5.2 %

    7 India 3,287,590 1,269,345 2,973,190 1,147,955 2.0 %

    8 Argentina 2,780,400 1,073,518 2,736,690 1,056,641 1.8 %

    9 Kazakhstan 2,724,900 1,052,089 2,699,700 1,042,360 1.8 %

    10 Algeria 2,381,741 919,595 2,381,740 919,595 1.6 %

    11 DR Congo 2,344,858 905,354 2,267,050 875,313 1.5 %

    12 Greenland 2,166,086 836,330 410,450 158,476 0.3 %

    13 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 830,000 2,149,690 830,000 1.4 %

    14 Mexico 1,964,375 758,449 1,943,950 750,563 1.3 %

    15 Indonesia 1,904,569 735,358 1,811,570 699,451 1.2 %

    16 Sudan 1,886,068 728,215 1,765,048 681,489 1.2 %

    17 Libya 1,759,540 679,362 1,759,540 679,362 1.2 %

    18 Iran 1,648,195 636,371 1,628,550 628,786 1.1 %

    19 Mongolia 1,564,110 603,906 1,553,560 599,833 1.0 %

    20 Peru 1,285,216 496,224 1,280,000 494,211 0.9 %

    21 Chad 1,284,000 495,755 1,259,200 486,180 0.8 %

    22 Niger 1,267,000 489,191 1,266,700 489,075 0.9 %

    23 Angola 1,246,700 481,353 1,246,700 481,353 0.8 %

    24 Mali 1,240,192 478,841 1,220,190 471,118 0.8 %

    25 South Africa 1,221,037 471,445 1,213,090 468,376 0.8 %

    26 Colombia 1,141,748 440,831 1,109,500 428,380 0.7 %

    27 Ethiopia 1,104,300 426,372 1,000,000 386,102 0.7 %

    28 Bolivia 1,098,581 424,164 1,083,300 418,264 0.7 %

    29 Mauritania 1,030,700 397,955 1,030,700 397,955 0.7 %

    30 Egypt 1,002,450 387,048 995,450 384,345 0.7 %

    31 Tanzania 945,087 364,900 885,800 342,009 0.6 %

    32 Nigeria 923,768 356,669 910,770 351,650 0.6 %

    33 Venezuela 916,445 353,841 882,050 340,561 0.6 %

    34 Pakistan 881,912 340,508 770,880 297,638 0.5 %

    35 Namibia 825,615 318,772 823,290 317,874 0.6 %

    36 Mozambique 801,590 309,496 786,380 303,623 0.5 %

    37 Turkey 783,562 302,535 769,630 297,156 0.5 %

    38 Chile 756,102 291,932 743,532 287,079 0.5 %

    39 Zambia 752,612 290,585 743,390 287,024 0.5 %

    40 Myanmar 676,578 261,228 653,290 252,237 0.4 %

    41 Afghanistan 652,230 251,827 652,860 252,071 0.4 %

    42 Somalia 637,657 246,201 627,340 242,217 0.4 %

    43 Central African Republic 622,984 240,535 622,980 240,534 0.4 %

    44 South Sudan 619,745 239,285 610,952 235,890 0.4 %

    45 Ukraine 603,500 233,013 579,320 223,677 0.4 %

    46 Madagascar 587,041 226,658 581,795 224,632 0.4 %

    47 Botswana 582,000 224,711 566,730 218,816 0.4 %

    48 Kenya 580,367 224,081 569,140 219,746 0.4 %

    49 France 551,695 213,011 547,557 211,413 0.4 %

    50 Yemen 527,968 203,850 527,970 203,850 0.4 %

    51 Thailand 513,120 198,117 510,890 197,256 0.3 %

    52 Spain 505,992 195,365 498,800 192,588 0.3 %

    53 Turkmenistan 488,100 188,456 469,930 181,441 0.3 %

    54 Cameroon 475,442 183,569 472,710 182,514 0.3 %

    55 Papua New Guinea 462,840 178,703 452,860 174,850 0.3 %

    56 Sweden 450,295 173,860 410,340 158,433 0.3 %

    57 Uzbekistan 447,400 172,742 425,400 164,248 0.3 %

    58 Morocco 446,550 172,414 446,300 172,317 0.3 %

    59 Iraq 438,317 169,235 434,320 167,692 0.3 %

    60 Paraguay 406,752 157,048 397,300 153,398 0.3 %

    61 Zimbabwe 390,757 150,872 386,850 149,364 0.3 %

    62 Japan 377,930 145,920 364,555 140,755 0.2 %

    63 Germany 357,114 137,882 348,560 134,580 0.2 %

    64 Philippines 342,353 132,183 298,170 115,124 0.2 %

    65 Congo 342,000 132,047 341,500 131,854 0.2 %

    66 Finland 338,424 130,666 303,890 117,333 0.2 %

    67 Vietnam 331,212 127,882 310,070 119,719 0.2 %

    68 Malaysia 330,803 127,724 328,550 126,854 0.2 %

    69 Norway 323,802 125,021 365,268 141,031 0.2 %

    70 Côte d'Ivoire 322,463 124,504 318,000 122,780 0.2 %

    71 Poland 312,679 120,726 306,230 118,236 0.2 %

    72 Oman 309,500 119,499 309,500 119,499 0.2 %

    73 Italy 301,336 116,346 294,140 113,568 0.2 %

    74 Ecuador 276,841 106,889 248,360 95,892 0.2 %

    75 Burkina Faso 272,967 105,393 273,600 105,638 0.2 %

    76 New Zealand 270,467 104,428 263,310 101,665 0.2 %

    77 Gabon 267,668 103,347 257,670 99,487 0.2 %

    78 Western Sahara 266,000 102,703 266,000 102,703 0.2 %

    79 Guinea 245,857 94,926 245,720 94,873 0.2 %

    80 United Kingdom 242,900 93,784 241,930 93,410 0.2 %

    81 Uganda 241,550 93,263 199,810 77,147 0.1 %

    82 Ghana 238,533 92,098 227,540 87,854 0.2 %

    स्रोत : www.worldometers.info

    Largest Countries in the World 2022

    Largest Countries in the World 2022

    < 1

    Area (km²) 2M 4M 6M 8M 10M 12M 14M 16M 18M

    Click on a tile for details.

    What are the largest countries in the world? The answers may surprise you. Maps can be misleading, so they're especially unhelpful for size comparisons. A much more accurate solution is to compare the actual area of each country. Area is typically measured in either square miles (mi²) or square kilometers (km²)—though, in certain circumstances (especially agricultural uses), hectares may also be also used.

    Every country actually has two different measurements of area: land area, which is the area of all the land—and only land—in a given country and total area, sometimes referred to as Country area, which includes a country's land area as well as all the area taken up by lakes, reservoirs, inland rivers, and sometimes coastal and territorial waters.

    For some countries, the difference between these two measurements is significant. For example:

    Country Land Area (km²) Total Area (km²)

    Canada 8,965,590 9,879,750

    United States 9,147,420 9,831,510

    Note that the U.S. has a greater land area. But once Canada's more than two million lakes and inland waterways are added in, it takes the prize as the larger (and presumably wetter) of the two countries.

    Top 10 Largest Countries in the World (by total area km²):

    Russia — 17,098,250 km²

    Canada — 9,879,750 km²

    China — 9,600,013 km²

    United States — 9,525,067 - 9,831,510 km²

    Brazil — 8,515,770 km²

    Australia — 7,741,220 km²

    India — 3,287,260 km²

    Argentina — 2,780,400 km²

    Kazakhstan — 2,724,902 km²

    Algeria — 2,381,741 km²

    Not surprisingly, the largest country in the world is Russia, which spans a vast 17,098,250 km² across Eastern Europe and Asia. This is followed by Canada (9,879,750 km²) and its aforementioned two million lakes. The country ranked third changes depending upon the source of the comparison. Encyclopedia Britannica gives the third slot to China (9,600,013 km²) and places the United States in fourth. However, other sources, such as the United Nations and the CIA World Factbook, display a larger area for the U.S. and rank it above China.

    The difference between the high and low estimates for the U.S. appears to be because one includes coastal and territorial waters, but the other does not. However, considering China's area does not seem to include coastal and territorial waters, and the U.S. is smaller than China until those waters are added to the mix, we'd give the nod to China. Source-to-source discrepancies such as this are common, even understandable. Determining the precise area of a sizable and irregularly shaped landmass is no small task, and there are no universally accepted guidelines for completing it. Some countries may measure their area using satellite surveys, and others may rely upon mathematical computations and manual estimates. Moreover, different countries have different philosophies regarding the inclusion of areas such as overseas territories, disputed regions, and (as mentioned above) various bodies of water. Whichever countries are third- and fourth-largest, South America's largest country, Brazil (8,515,770 km²), has a lock on fifth place. The only country in the world with the exact same name as its continent, Australia (7,714,220 km²), rounds out the top six.

    Technically, the largest country in both Asia and Europe is Russia. However, because Russia is considered a European country in terms of culture and population, many sources designate Russia as the largest European country and grant the title of Asia's largest country to China. After Russia, the second-largest country in Europe is another judgment call: If considering the area of the mainland only, Ukraine's 603,550 km² would be the second-largest area. However, if one counts not only mainland France but also its overseas departments (such as Martinique and Mayotte), its area swells to 640,679 km², giving France the edge. Africa's largest country is Algeria (2,381,741 km²).

    The smallest countries in the world are predominantly in Europe, Oceania, and the Americas. Vatican City is the smallest country in the world at a tiny 0.44 km², followed by Monaco at 2.02 km², both in Europe. Next are Nauru (21 km²) and Tuvalu (26 km²), both island countries in Oceania. The smallest country in the Americas is another island country, Saint Kitts and Nevis, which has an area of only 261 km².

    Finally, what if the phrase "largest country" is actually a reference to a country's population rather than its physical size? The countries with the largest populations on Earth are (in order): China, India, the United States, Indonesia, and Pakistan. For a full list of the largest (and smallest) countries in the world, check out the table below.

    Largest Countries in the World 2022

    Rank Country Area (km²) % of Earth's Area

    1 Russia 17.1M 11.52%

    2 Canada 10M 6.73% 3 China 9.7M 6.54%

    4 United States 9.4M 6.31%

    5 Brazil 8.5M 5.74%

    6 Australia 7.7M 5.18%

    7 India 3.3M 2.21%

    8 Argentina 2.8M 1.87%

    9 Kazakhstan 2.7M 1.84%

    10 Algeria 2.4M 1.60%

    11 Dr Congo 2.3M 1.58%

    12 Greenland 2.2M 1.46%

    13 Saudi Arabia 2.1M 1.45%

    14 Mexico 2M 1.32%

    15 Indonesia 1.9M 1.28%

    16 Sudan 1.9M 1.27%

    स्रोत : worldpopulationreview.com

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