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    Highest Mountains in the World: The Top 10

    Our list of the top 10 highest mountains in the world, from Mount Everest (8,848m) and K2 (8,611m) onwards. These are the world's highest summits.

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    THE TOP 10 HIGHEST MOUNTAINS IN THE WORLD

    The top 10 highest mountains in the world, from Mount Everest and K2 to Manaslu and Annapurna. These are the world's highest summits.

    STUART KENNY

    1 MAR 2020 • 11 MIN READ

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    Mountaineers climbing Everest, the highest mountain in the world. Photo: iStock | sansubba

    THE 10 HIGHEST MOUNTAINS IN THE WORLD

    The highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest, sitting pretty at 8,848m in the Himalayas in Nepal. It's likely you already knew that. After all, ask 100 people in the world to name a mountain, and most will say Mount Everest. A lot of people also know that the second highest mountain in the world is K2, on the China-Pakistan border, but far fewer know that the third highest mountain in the world is called Kangchenjunga. Or how to spell that. It’s not quite as simple as ‘K2’, that’s for sure. So, how many of the highest mountains in the world do you really know?

    Everest tends to hog all the fame, but actually, the entire continent of Asia is full of huge mountains. The top 100 tallest mountains in the world are all in Asia. None of the seven summits - the highest mountains on each continent - are on this list except Everest. It's actually quite rare to find someone who knows about the sixth, seventh or eighth highest mountains in the world.

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    So let’s do this. Let’s help you learn the top 10 highest mountains in the world. Let’s help you cheat in this pub quiz you’re probably competing in right now, with your phone under the table, connected to the dodgy Wi-Fi. Don’t feel bad. Everyone’s doing it. That team with the dog were definitely cheating in the music round. Here are the 10 tallest mountains in the world - the planet's top ten highest mountains:

    1. MOUNT EVEREST, HIMALAYAS, NEPAL/TIBET AUTONOMOUS REGION, CHINA – 8848M

    Arrival at first sight of Everest on a road trip through the Himalayas of Tibet. Photo: iStock

    First climbed by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953, Mount Everest is, of course, the highest mountain in the world. Everest has come under a lot of scrutiny recently. Photographs showing enormous queues near the summit have opened a huge debate about overcrowding on Everest.

    One thing’s for sure though, the inherent draw of Mount Everest is not going to go away any time soon. Mankind is drawn to the mountain like moths to a flame. As well as those looking to take the route from Everest Base Camp to the summit, trekking to Everest Base Camp itself is also hugely popular. In fact, it’s become one of the world’s most famous multi-day treks.

    Trek to Everest Base Camp

    Trek the famous trails to Everest Base Camp and follow in the footsteps of Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.

    P.S. If you are currently cheating at a pub quiz on the question “what is the highest mountain in the world?”, then we would suggest that it’s relatively unlikely you’re going to win the quiz. Unless you cheat a bunch more.

    Fancy learning more? Read Into Thin Air by Jon Krakauer or Above the Clouds by Kilian Jornet

    2. K2, KARAKORAM, PAKISTAN/CHINA – 8611M

    K2 mountain in Pakistan. Photo: iStock | e_wire

    The second highest mountain in the world is K2. The mountain took its name from the notation used by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of British India. At the time, there wasn’t an apparent local name for the mountain, and so it stuck. K2 is also nicknamed the ‘Savage Mountain’, which is cool in a slightly Point Break, over-the-top extreme kind of way. It is fitting, though, too.

    From the History Books: The Infamous First Ascent of K2

    The history of the outdoors is the history of the world...

    Stuart Kenny

    Much Better Adventures Magazine

    The mountain is typically considered one of the toughest mountains in the world to climb, notoriously harder than Mount Everest, despite being the second tallest mountain in the world. K2 actually has the second-highest fatality rate per summit attempt of all mountains over 8000m, with around 300 successful summits and 77 deaths. The highest fatality rate is that of the tenth highest mountain in the world (spoiler alert), Annapurna I in Nepal. Unlike Annapurna though, K2 had never been summited in winter - until it happened this winter.

    स्रोत : www.muchbetteradventures.com

    Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World

    Top 10 highest Mountains in the World are located in Asia specially in in the Himalayan range. Interesting fact,  out …

    Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World

    Top 10 highest Mountains in the World are located in Asia specially in in the Himalayan range. Interesting fact,  out of 10 highest peak above 8000 meters 8 lies in the Himalayas of Nepal.

    Here is the list of top 10 highest mountains in the world with the height and located place.

    1. Mt. Everest (29,029 ft/8,848 m.), Nepal

    Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Mt Everest is located in Nepal standing on the Nepal-China border with the height of 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level. Everest is known as “Sagarmatha” in Nepal and “Chhomolongma” in Tibet. Although it is the tallest mountain and attracts many climbers of both advanced and limited climbing skill, it is one of the easier mountains to climb. Mt. Everest was first summated by Nepali Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and New Zealand climbers Mr. Edmond Hillary with a British expedition in 1953 from the South Col route. Climbing Mt Everest is the aim of many people in their life.

    2. Mt. K2 (8,611 m /28,251 feet), Pakistan

    Mount K2 is the second highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest. Mt K2 lies in Pakistan in the Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. There are many peaks in Karakoram range, the second peak, K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram Range and the highest peak in Pakistan. K2 is known as the “Savage Mountain” due to the difficulty of ascent and the second-highest fatality rate among the “eight thousanders” for those who climb it. For every four people who have reached the summit, one has died trying. The first ascent of K2 was completed by an Italian expedition team which was led by Mr. Ardito Desiofinally. His team Mr. Lino Lacedelli and Mr. Achille Compagnoni successfully ascended to the summit of K2 (8611m/28,251ft) via the Abruzzi Spur climbing route on July 31, 1954.

    3. Mt. Kangchenjunga (28,169 ft /8,586 m)

    Mount Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world with the height of 8,586 m (28,169 ft).  It is located in Nepal standing on the Nepal-India border. Kangchenjunga is the highest peak in India, and also the name of the surrounding section of the Himalayas and means “The Five Treasures of Snows”, as it contains five peaks. The treasures represent the five repositories of God, which are gold, silver, gems, grain, and holy books. Kanchenjunga is the easternmost highest mountain on the earth. Mr. Joe Brown and George Band of British Expedition team on 25 May, 1955 climbed this peak for the first time.

    4. Mt. Lhotse (27,940 ft/8,516 m), Nepal

    Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world. It is connected to Everest via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres (27,940 ft) above sea level, Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 metres (27,605 ft) and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 metres (27,503 ft). It is located at the border between Tibet (China) and the Khumbu region of Nepal. Mount Lhotse was first climbed in 18 May,1956  by Mr. Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss from Switzerland. Mt. Lhotse is becoming famous for its tremendous and dramatic South face. The South face raises 3.2 km and is 2.25 km wide making it the steepest face of this size in the world. Lhotse is is registered as one of the most extremely difficult climbs and is rarely attempted.

    5. Mt. Makalu (27,825 ft/8,481 m), Nepal

    Mount Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world with the height of 8,481 metres (27,825 ft). It is located 19 km (12 mi) southeast of Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and China. Mt Makalu was first climbed by an American team led by William Siri in the spring of 1954. The South East Ridge and the Northwest Ridgeare the main climbing routes on Mt. Makalu. It is located at the co-ordinates of 27°53’21” N and 87°05’27” E in the eastern part of Nepal.

    6. Mt. Cho Oyu (26,906 ft/8,201 m.)

    Mount Cho Oyu is the sixth highest mountain in the world. It is located in Nepal-China border in Nepal. Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. The mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. Cho Oyu is known as being one of the easiest of the 8,000 meter peaks due to its straight forward approach and lack of objective dangers. Mount Cho-Oyu was first climbed on on October 19, 1954 by Australian Joseph Joechler, Herbert Tichy (Italy), Pasang Dawa Lama (Nepal).

    7. Mt Dhaulagiri (26,795 ft/8,167 m.), Nepal

    स्रोत : www.satoriadventuresnepal.com

    List of highest mountains on Earth

    List of highest mountains on Earth

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    Not to be confused with List of tallest mountains on Earth.

    "List of highest mountains" redirects here. For the Solar System, see List of tallest mountains in the Solar System.

    This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.

    Aerial view of Mount Everest from the south. The peak rises over Lhotse, while Nuptse is the ridge on the left.

    Currently, There are at least 108 mountains on Earth with elevations of 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) or greater above sea level. The vast majority of these mountains are located on the edge of the Indian and Eurasian plates in China, India, Nepal and Pakistan.

    Figure demonstrating the concept of topographic prominence: The prominence of a peak is the height of the peak's summit above the lowest contour line encircling it and no higher summit. For example, vertical arrows show the topographic prominence of three peaks on an island. A dotted horizontal line links each peak (except the highest) to its key col.

    The dividing line between a mountain with multiple peaks and separate mountains is not always clear (see also Highest unclimbed mountain). A popular and intuitive way to distinguish mountains from subsidiary peaks is by their height above the highest saddle connecting it to a higher summit, a measure called topographic prominence or re-ascent (the higher summit is called the "parent peak"). A common definition of a mountain is a summit with 300 m (980 ft) prominence. Alternatively, a relative prominence (prominence/height) is used (usually 7–8%) to reflect that in higher mountain ranges everything is on a larger scale. The table below lists the highest 100 summits with at least 500 m (1,640 ft) prominence, approximating a 7% relative prominence. A drawback of a prominence-based list is that it may exclude well-known or spectacular mountains that are connected via a high ridge to a taller summit, such as Eiger, Nuptse or Annapurna IV. A few such peaks and mountains with nearly sufficient prominence are included in this list, and given a rank of "S".

    It is very unlikely that all given heights are correct to the nearest metre; indeed, the sea level is often problematic to define when a mountain is remote from the sea. Different sources often differ by many metres, and the heights given below may well differ from those elsewhere in this encyclopedia. As an extreme example, Ulugh Muztagh on the north Tibetan Plateau is often listed as 7,723 m (25,338 ft) to 7,754 m (25,440 ft), but appears to be only 6,973 m (22,877 ft) to 6,987 m (22,923 ft). Some mountains differ by > 100 m (330 ft) on different maps, while even very thorough current measurements of Mount Everest range from 8,840 m (29,003 ft) to 8,850 m (29,035 ft). These discrepancies serve to emphasize the uncertainties in the listed heights.

    Though some parts of the world, especially the most mountainous parts, have never been thoroughly mapped, it is unlikely that any mountains this high have been overlooked, because synthetic aperture radar can and has been used to measure elevations of most otherwise inaccessible places. Still, heights or prominences may be revised, so that the order of the list may change and even new mountains could enter the list over time. To be safe, the list has been extended to include all 7,200 m (23,622 ft) peaks.

    The highest mountains above sea level are generally not the highest above the surrounding terrain. There is no precise definition of surrounding base, but Denali, Mount Kilimanjaro and Nanga Parbat are possible candidates for the tallest mountain on land by this measure.[] The bases of mountain islands are below sea level, and given this consideration Mauna Kea (4,207 m (13,802 ft) above sea level) is the world's tallest mountain and volcano, rising about 10,203 m (33,474 ft) from the Pacific Ocean floor. Mount Lamlam on Guam is periodically claimed to be among the world's highest mountains because it is adjacent to the Mariana Trench; the most extreme claim is that, measured from Challenger Deep 313 kilometres (194 mi) away, Mount Lamlam is 37,820 feet (11,530 m) tall.[1][2] Ojos del Salado has the greatest rise on Earth: 13,420 m (44,029 ft) vertically to the summit[] from the bottom of the Atacama Trench, which is about 560 km (350 mi) away, although most of this rise is not part of the mountain.

    The highest mountains are also not generally the most voluminous. Mauna Loa (4,169 m or 13,678 ft) is the largest mountain on Earth in terms of base area (about 2,000 sq mi or 5,200 km2) and volume (about 10,000 cu mi or 42,000 km3), although, due to the intergrade of lava from Kilauea, Hualalai and Mauna Kea, the volume can only be estimated based on surface area and height of the edifice. Mount Kilimanjaro is the largest non-shield volcano in terms of both base area (245 sq mi or 635 km2) and volume (1,150 cu mi or 4,793 km3). Mount Logan is the largest non-volcanic mountain in base area (120 sq mi or 311 km2).

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

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