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    Lok Sabha

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    HomeMy GovernmentIndian ParliamentLok Sabha

    Lok Sabha

    Indian Parliament

    Lok Sabha

    The Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of people chosen by direct election on the basis of Universal Adult Suffrage. Maximum strength of the House is 552 members - 530 members to represent the States, 20 members to represent the Union Territories, and 2 members to be nominated by the President from the Anglo-Indian Community. At present, the strength of the House is 543. The term of the Lok Sabha, unless dissolved, is five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. However, while a proclamation of emergency is in operation, this period may be extended by Parliament by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time and not extending in any case, beyond a period of six months after the proclamation has ceased to operate.

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    स्रोत : www.india.gov.in

    Lok Sabha

    Lok Sabha

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    For the upper house, see Rajya Sabha. For current list of Lok Sabha members, see List of members of the 17th Lok Sabha.

    Coordinates: 28°37′3″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61750°N 77.20833°E

    Lok Sabha 17th Lok Sabha Type Type

    Lower house of the Parliament of India

    Term limits 5 years Leadership

    Speaker Om Birla, BJP

    since 19 June 2019

    Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha Vacant

    since 23 May 2019

    Secretary General Utpal Kumar Singh, IAS (Retd.) (Uttarakhand:1986)

    since 30 November 2020

    Leader of the House Narendra Modi

    Prime Minister of India, BJP

    since 26 May 2014

    Deputy Leader of the House Rajnath Singh

    Defence Minister of India, BJP

    since 26 May 2014

    Leader of the Opposition Vacant

    since 26 May 2014 Structure Seats 543

    Political groups Government (329)

    NDA (329)

    BJP (302) BSS (13)[1][2] RLJP (5) AD(S) (2) AJSU (1) NDPP (1) NPP (1) MNF (1) SKM (1) IND (2)

    Opposition (213)UPA (113)

    INC (53) DMK (24) JD(U) (16) SS(UBT) (6) NCP (5) JKNC (3) IUML (3) JMM (1) RSP (1) VCK (1)

    Others groups (100)

    AITC (23) YSRCP (22) BJD (12) BSP (10) BRS (9) CPI(M) (3) TDP (3) SP (2) CPI (2) SAD (2) AIMIM (2) AIUDF (1) LJP(RV) (1)[3] SAD(A) (1) KC(M) (1) JD(S) (1) RLP (1) NPF (1)[4] IND (3)

    Vacant (1)

    Vacant (1) Elections

    Voting system First past the post

    First election 25 Oct 1951 – 21 Feb 1952

    Last election 11 April – 19 May 2019

    Next election May 2024

    Meeting place

    Lok Sabha, Sansad Bhavan,

    Sansad Marg, New Delhi, India – 110 001

    Website loksabha.nic.in Constitution

    Constitution of India

    Rules

    The Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha (English)

    The Lok Sabha, constitutionally the House of the People, is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha. Members of the Lok Sabha are elected by an adult universal suffrage and a first-past-the-post system to represent their respective constituencies, and they hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers. The house meets in the Lok Sabha Chambers of the Sansad Bhavan, New Delhi.

    The maximum membership of the House allotted by the Constitution of India is 552[5] (Initially, in 1950, it was 500). Currently, the house has 543 seats which are made up by the election of up to 543 elected members and at a maximum. Between 1952 and 2020, 2 additional members of the Anglo-Indian community were also nominated by the President of India on the advice of Government of India, which was abolished in January 2020 by the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019.[6][7] The new parliament has a seating capacity of 888 for Lok Sabha.[8]

    A total of 131 seats (24.03%) are reserved for representatives of Scheduled Castes (84) and Scheduled Tribes (47). The quorum for the House is 10% of the total membership. The Lok Sabha, unless sooner dissolved, continues to operate for five years for time being from the date appointed for its first meeting. However, while a proclamation of emergency is in operation, this period may be extended by Parliament by law or decree.[9][10]

    An exercise to redraw Lok Sabha constituencies' boundaries is carried out by the Boundary Delimitation Commission of India every decade based on the Indian census, last of which was conducted in 2011.[11] This exercise earlier also included redistribution of seats among states based on demographic changes but that provision of the mandate of the commission was suspended in 1976 following a constitutional amendment to incentivize the family planning program which was being implemented.[12] The 17th Lok Sabha was elected in May 2019 and is the latest to date.[13]

    The Lok Sabha has its own television channel, Lok Sabha TV, headquartered within the premises of Parliament.[14]

    Contents

    1 History 2 Qualifications

    2.1 System of elections in Lok Sabha

    3 Powers 4 Procedure

    4.1 Procedure in the House

    4.2 Sessions 4.3 Question Hour 4.4 Zero Hour

    4.5 Business after Question Hour

    4.6 Main business

    4.6.1 Legislative business

    4.6.2 Financial business

    4.6.3 Motions and resolutions

    4.7 Parliamentary committees

    4.8 Half-an-Hour discussion

    4.9 Discussion on matters of urgent public importance

    4.10 Debate in the House

    4.10.1 Division

    4.11 Automatic vote recording system

    4.12 Publication of debates

    5 Officers of Lok Sabha

    6 Lok Sabha general elections

    7 Composition

    8 Membership by party

    9 See also 10 Further reading 11 References 11.1 Notes 11.2 Citations 12 External links

    History

    This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    What happens if a prime minister loses their seat in a general election?

    The prime minister is elected like any other MP.

    What happens if a prime minister loses their seat in a general election?

    The prime minister is elected like any other MP. At every general election there is a possibility, however remote, that the incumbent governing party could remain the largest in the House of Commons but that their leader would not be returned to parliament.

    Has a prime minister ever lost their seat?

    No incumbent prime minister has ever lost his or her seat at a general election.

    Of recent prime ministers, Boris Johnson’s majority of 7,210 in Uxbridge and South Ruislip is the smallest. Even at its lowest point, Margaret Thatcher’s relatively small numerical majority in Finchley translated into a 20-point lead over the Labour candidate in the constituency. In Uxbridge and South Ruislip, the 2017 general election produced a 10-point gap between Johnson and his Labour rival.

    PM-constituency-majorities-chart-2020.png

    Constituency majorities of prime ministers (Updated: 22 Jul 2020)

    Two prime ministers have come close to losing their seats. In December 1905, Arthur Balfour resigned as prime minister in an attempt to force an election, but the leader of the opposition, Henry Campbell-Bannerman, instead formed a government and became PM. Balfour went on to lose his constituency at the election a month later. In the 1935 general election, Ramsay MacDonald was defeated, having resigned as head of the national government not long before the campaign started.

    Have other party leaders ever lost their seats?

    Balfour was technically the first leader of the opposition in the 20th century to lose his seat at a general election. Herbert Asquith was the second – he was defeated in 1918 and again in 1924 (having returned to parliament in the interim via a by-election in Paisley). At the 1931 election, Arthur Henderson, leader of the Labour Party, lost his seat during the landslide victory of the national government led by his former party colleague Ramsay MacDonald. Since then, no leader of the opposition has ever lost their seat in a general election.

    Leaders of smaller parties have lost their parliamentary seats 18 times since the turn of the 20th century. The Liberal Party lost seven leaders between 1918 and 1979. The most recent example of the phenomenon came in 2019, when the leader of the Liberal Democrat Party, Jo Swinson, failed to win re-election in East Dunbartonshire.

    What factors determine whether a prime minister could stay on?

    There are three factors to consider when establishing what might happen if a prime minister lost their seat:

    Can they remain as party leader?

    Does a PM need to be a party leader?

    Does the PM need to be an MP?

    Can a defeated prime minister remain leader of their party?

    The Conservative Party constitution says that the leader of the party "shall be drawn from those elected to Parliament". Clause VII of the Labour Rule Book also says its leader "shall be elected from among Commons members of the PLP [Parliamentary Labour Party]." Neither says explicitly that a leader who was no longer an MP would have to resign.

    How party leadership rules are interpreted might depend on the level of support the defeated prime minister retained among their MPs and party membership. If a prime minister resigned as party leader, their party would have to organise a leadership election according to their own rules (unless, in the Conservative Party, the 1922 Committee of backbench MPs determined there was only one candidate).

    Among smaller parties, it is quite common for party leaders not to sit in the House of Commons. The leaders of the Scottish National Party, Plaid Cymru, DUP, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Ulster Unionist Party and Sinn Féin are all elected in their respective devolved institutions. The Green Party’s two co-leaders are not elected MPs.

    Does the prime minister need to be party leader?

    The Cabinet Manual says that a PM "will normally be the accepted leader of a political party that commands the majority of the House of Commons", but it does not say that this must be the case.

    Does the prime minister have to be an MP?

    The process of appointing the prime minister assumes that he or she will sit in the Commons, but there is nothing that says what happens if they cease to be an MP. The prime minister is the King's minister. Precedent suggests that a prime minister should be an MP, but there is no suggestion that they must immediately resign if they lost their seat.

    The Cabinet Manual states that the prime minister “always sits in the House of Commons.” However, this mostly relates to the question of whether they should sit in the Commons rather than the House the Lords.

    Although prime ministers regularly sat in the House of Lords in the 18th and 19th centuries, governing from the Commons has been convention since 1902. In 1963 Alec Douglas-Home resigned his peerage and entered the Commons via a by-election when he became leader of the Conservatives.

    However, prime ministers are expected to be accountable to parliament through Prime Minister’s Questions, delivering statements and appearing in front of the Liaison Committee. It would therefore not be sustainable for a prime minister to stay in office without being an MP indefinitely.

    स्रोत : www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk

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