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    which of the following committee advocated the fundamental duties in the indian constitution

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    Which committee/commission recommended incorporation of provisions relating to fundamental duties into the constitution of India ?

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    Question

    Which committee/commission recommended incorporation of provisions relating to fundamental duties into the constitution of India ?

    A

    Rajmannan Committee

    B

    Mandal Commission

    C

    Swarna Singh Committee

    D

    Sarkaria Commission

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    Updated on : 2022-09-05

    Solution Verified by Toppr

    Correct option is C)

    The committee on constitutional amendments by the President of the Indian National Congress, popularly known as the Swaran Singh committee from the name of the chairman, is reported to have felt that a chapter on fundamental duties for the citizen should be included along with the existing fundamental rights in the constitution. The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee that was constituted by the government earlier that year.

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    Which Committee Advocated the Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution?

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    Which Committee Advocated the Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution?

    Difficulty Level : Medium

    Last Updated : 16 Jun, 2022

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    Sardar Swaran Singh Committee recommended the Fundamental Duties in the Indian constitution in the year 1976. At the time of adoption, the Indian constitution didn’t have any fundamental duties because the framers of our constitution did not deem it appropriate to add those duties to the Indian constitution when they were formulating it.

    There may be a number of reasons for this, some of them are:

    Since ancient times Dharma/ Kartavya is deeply rooted in the people of Indian society and they follow certain duties on their own irrespective of a threat of penalty.

    The concept of duties toward the nation was always uplifted by our leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Swami Vivekanand, once Vivekanand said that “it is the duty of every person of India to contribute to the development and progress of India”.

    The preamble of the Indian constitution itself gives citizens an idea about their duties towards the nation, not only by including the goals of the nation, but also the assurances of the Constitution. Hence every citizen has to do whatever is required to fulfill these goals.

    Fundamental Rights in the constitution logically give an idea of certain duties that need to be performed for the realization of these rights.

    However, after some years it was thought to properly define the duties of citizens towards the nation in the constitution itself. So, in the year 1976 at the time of the national emergency, Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister at that time) constituted a committee under the leadership of Swaran Singh named the Swaran Singh Committee.

    The committee was formed soon after the declaration of a national emergency. This committee had a total of 12 members:

    Swaran Singh(Chairman)

    Rajni Patel A.R Antulay S.S Ray H.R Gokhale B.N Banerjee Vasanth Sathe Dinesh Goswami V.A Sayed Muhammed V.N Gadgil C.M Stephen D.P Singh

    The main purpose of this committee was to give recommendations for constitutional amendments in light of past experiences. It made several recommendations about changes in the constitution and terms of government, one of these recommendations was to include a chapter on fundamental duties in the constitution.

    The Committee made recommendations for eight fundamental duties but three of them were not incorporated. Those three were:

    Making fundamental duties legally enforceable.

    No law punishing for violating fundamental duties can be challenged in any court on the ground of violation of fundamental rights or any other provision of the constitution.

    Making paying taxes a fundamental duty.

    The idea of fundamental duties was borrowed from USSR. As per this committee’s recommendation, through the 42nd Constitutional amendment, a new part namely Part IV A was added to the constitution having only one article i.e. Article 51A containing ten fundamental duties. Later in the 86th constitutional amendment, one more duty was added.

    It seeks to promote a sense of brotherhood and harmony among people of different groups based on religion, caste, language, etc.

    It reminds citizens to fulfill their responsibilities towards their nation.

    These duties help in the development of the country, a classic example is the USA, which has a Citizens’ Almanac which has details about the responsibilities of its citizens. Another example is Singapore which developed a lot in a very short frame of time.

    Following Fundamental Duties is a moral obligation, not a legal one.

    Some critic says that if Fundamental Duties would have been added alongside Fundamental Rights then it would have made it more valuable.

    It seems that list of duties has something missing, like casting votes, family planning, etc.

    Q1. In which year Swaran Singh Committee was formed?

    Answer: Swaran Singh Committee was formed in the year of 1976 when the country was in a national emergency. Indira Gandhi formed a committee under the leadership of Swaran Singh to analyze the constitution in the light of previous experiences. The government made several amendments to the constitution based on the recommendations of this committee.

    Q2. Our Fundamental Duties were borrowed from which country?

    Answer: The idea of Fundamental Duties in the Indian constitution was inspired by the constitution of the erstwhile USSR.

    Q3. Which Constitutional Amendment(s) added fundamental duties to Constitution and under which Article?

    Answer: As per the Swaran Singh committee’s recommendation through the 42nd Constitutional amendment a new part namely Part IV A was added to the constitution having only one article i.e. Article 51A containing ten fundamental duties. Later in the 86th constitutional amendment, one more duty was added.

    Q4. Discuss how Fundamental Duties were added to the constitution?

    Answer: In the year 1976 Swaran Singh committee was constituted to give recommendations for constitutional amendments. This committee made several recommendations, one of these recommendations was to include a chapter on fundamental duties in the constitution. As per this committee’s recommendation a new part namely Part IV A was added to the constitution having only one article i.e. Article 51A containing ten fundamental duties. Later in the 86th constitutional amendment, one more duty was added to it.

    स्रोत : www.geeksforgeeks.org

    [Solved] Which among the following committee recommended the inclusio

    The correct answer is Swaran Singh Committee. Key Points The Fundamental Duties were incorporated in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution through

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    Which among the following committee recommended the inclusion of Fundamental duties in the Consitution?

    Swaran Singh Committee

    Shekatkar Committee

    B. Sesikeran committee

    Sunil Mehta Committee

    Answer (Detailed Solution Below)

    Option 1 : Swaran Singh Committee

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    Detailed Solution

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    The correct answer is Swaran Singh Committee.

    Key Points

    The Fundamental Duties were incorporated in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution through the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976.

    At present, there are eleven fundamental duties under Article 51 A of the constitution.

    The idea of Fundamental Duties has been borrowed from the erstwhile USSR.

    Originally the duties were ten in number, later on through 86th Amendment Act, 2002, the eleventh Fundamental duty was added.

    Fundamental duties are non-enforceable in nature.

    Swaran Singh Committee recommended the inclusion of Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution.Shekatkar Committee was set up in 2016 for enhancing combat capability and rebalance defense expenditure of the Armed Forces.B. Sesikeran committee was constituted by FSSAI in 2018 to review food labelling standards.Sunil Mehta Committee was set up to give recommendations on the formation of an Asset Reconstruction Company for faster resolution on stressed assets.

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