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    which of the following country dropped atom bomb on hiroshima in japan


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    The country that dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima in Japan was

    The country that dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima in Japan was

    Byju's Answer Standard X Social Science

    Battle of Midway and Battle of Guadalcanal

    The country t... Question

    The country that dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima in Japan was

    A France B America C Britain D Germany Open in App Solution

    The correct option is B America

    The country that dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima in Japan was America.

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    Q. When was atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima?Q. During the second world war who dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima?Q. When did the USA drop the nuclear bomb on Hiroshima, Japan?Q. Which U.S. president ordered two atomic bombs dropped on Japan in 1945?Q. Name the city where US dropped the first Atom bomb in Japan.


    Battle of Midway and Battle of Guadalcanal


    Battle of Midway and Battle of Guadalcanal

    Standard X Social Science

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Part of the Pacific War of World War II

    Atomic bomb mushroom clouds over Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Date 6 and 9 August 1945


    Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan

    Result Allied victory

    Belligerents United States United Kingdom Canada Japan

    Commanders and leaders

    William S. Parsons Paul Tibbets Robert A. Lewis[1] Charles Sweeney Frederick Ashworth Shunroku Hata Units involved

    Manhattan Project: 50 U.S., 2 British

    509th Composite Group: 1,770 U.S.

    Second General Army:

    Hiroshima: 40,000 (5 anti-aircraft batteries)

    Nagasaki: 9,000 (4 anti-aircraft batteries)

    Casualties and losses

    1 British, 7 Dutch, and 12 American prisoners of war killed Hiroshima:

    20,000 soldiers killed

    70,000–126,000 civilians killed


    60,000–80,000 killed (within 4 months)

    At least 150 soldiers killed

    Total killed: 129,000–226,000 show v t e Japan campaign show v t e Pacific War

    The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the detonation of two atomic bombs over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945 by the United States. The two bombings killed between 129,000 and 226,000 people, most of whom were civilians, and remain the only use of nuclear weapons in an armed conflict. Japan surrendered to the Allies on 15 August, six days after the bombing of Nagasaki and the Soviet Union's declaration of war against Japan. The Japanese government signed the instrument of surrender on 2 September, effectively ending the war.

    In the final year of World War II, the Allies prepared for a costly invasion of the Japanese mainland. This undertaking was preceded by a conventional and firebombing campaign that devastated 64 Japanese cities. The war in the European theatre concluded when Germany surrendered on 8 May 1945, and the Allies turned their full attention to the Pacific War. By July 1945, the Allies' Manhattan Project had produced two types of atomic bombs: "Fat Man", a plutonium implosion-type nuclear weapon; and "Little Boy", an enriched uranium gun-type fission weapon. The 509th Composite Group of the United States Army Air Forces was trained and equipped with the specialized Silverplate version of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, and deployed to Tinian in the Mariana Islands. The Allies called for the unconditional surrender of the Imperial Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration on 26 July 1945, the alternative being "prompt and utter destruction". The Japanese government ignored the ultimatum.

    The consent of the United Kingdom was obtained for the bombing, as was required by the Quebec Agreement, and orders were issued on 25 July by General Thomas Handy, the acting Chief of Staff of the United States Army, for atomic bombs to be used against Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, and Nagasaki. These targets were chosen because they were large urban areas that also held militarily significant facilities. On 6 August, a Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima, to which Prime Minister Suzuki reiterated the Japanese government's commitment to ignore the Allies' demands and fight on. Three days later, a Fat Man was dropped on Nagasaki. Over the next two to four months, the effects of the atomic bombings killed between 90,000 and 146,000 people in Hiroshima and 60,000 and 80,000 people in Nagasaki; roughly half occurred on the first day. For months afterward, many people continued to die from the effects of burns, radiation sickness, and injuries, compounded by illness and malnutrition. Though Hiroshima had a sizable military garrison, most of the dead were civilians.

    Japan surrendered to the Allies on 15 August, six days after the Soviet Union's declaration of war and the bombing of Nagasaki. The Japanese government signed the instrument of surrender on 2 September, effectively ending the war. Scholars have extensively studied the effects of the bombings on the social and political character of subsequent world history and popular culture, and there is still much debate concerning the ethical and legal justification for the bombings. Supporters claim that the atomic bombings were necessary to bring an end to the war with minimal American casualties; critics believe that the bombings were unnecessary and a war crime, and highlight the moral and ethical implications of the intentional nuclear attack on civilians.


    Pacific War

    Main article: Pacific War

    Situation of the Pacific War on 1 August 1945.

    White and green: Areas still controlled by Japan included Korea, Taiwan, Indochina, and much of China, including most of the main cities, and the Dutch East Indies

    Red: Allied-held areas

    Grey: Neutral Soviet Union

    In 1945, the Pacific War between the Empire of Japan and the Allies entered its fourth year. Most Japanese military units fought fiercely, ensuring that the Allied victory would come at an enormous cost. The 1.25 million battle casualties incurred in total by the United States in World War II included both military personnel killed in action and wounded in action. Nearly one million of the casualties occurred during the last year of the war, from June 1944 to June 1945. In December 1944, American battle casualties hit an all-time monthly high of 88,000 as a result of the German Ardennes Offensive. America's reserves of manpower were running out. Deferments for groups such as agricultural workers were tightened, and there was consideration of drafting women. At the same time, the public was becoming war-weary, and demanding that long-serving servicemen be sent home.[2]

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, during World War II, American bombing raids on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) and Nagasaki (August 9, 1945) that marked the first use of atomic weapons in war. Tens of thousands were killed in the initial explosions and many more would later succumb to radiation poisoning. On August 10, one day after the bombing of Nagasaki, the Japanese government issued a statement agreeing to accept the Allied surrender terms that had been dictated in the Potsdam Declaration. The turning point in the quest for atomic energy came in January 1939, eight

    The bombing of Nagasaki

    atomic bomb at Nagasaki, Japan

    By the morning of August 9, 1945, Soviet troops had invaded Manchuria and Sakhalin Island, but there was still no word from the Japanese government regarding surrender. At 3:47 AM the B-29 Bockscar took off from Tinian. The aircraft was piloted by Maj. Charles Sweeney, with Capt. Kermit Beahan serving as bombardier and Manhattan Project veteran Comdr. Frederick Ashworth in the role of weaponeer. Their payload was Fat Man, the plutonium-fueled implosion device similar to the bomb detonated at the Trinity test. Unlike Little Boy, Fat Man was fully assembled when it was loaded onto Bockscar, and shortly after takeoff Ashworth armed the device. As with the Hiroshima bombing, the strike plane was preceded by other B-29s performing weather reconnaissance, and light haze but relatively clear skies were reported over the primary target of Kokura.

    Nagasaki, Japan

    At about 9:45 AM local time Bockscar reached Kokura, but by then visibility had degraded badly. Thick clouds and haze obscured the area, possibly the result of a firebombing attack on the nearby city of Yahata the previous night. Three attempted bombing passes failed to yield a clear view of the target, the city’s massive arsenal. Roughly 45 minutes passed as Bockscar lingered over Kokura, and concerns about diminishing fuel reserves and Japanese antiaircraft defenses led Ashworth to conclude that they would have to proceed to the secondary target. Sweeney turned the plane south toward Nagasaki.

    Discover the facts about the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, during World War II

    Geographically, Nagasaki was not an ideal target. Whereas Hiroshima was flat and the bombardier’s aimpoint was a visually distinctive feature near the city centre, the urban area of Nagasaki was divided into two coastal valleys separated by a range of hills. The aimpoint would be a Mitsubishi arms plant near the city’s harbour. This site was located between the two densely populated valleys, but the uneven terrain would reduce the destructive potential of a weapon that was significantly more powerful than the bomb that had been dropped on Hiroshima.

    Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, after the atomic bomb

    Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, after the atomic bomb

    Learn the details of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, and its consequencesSee all videos for this article

    Shortly before 11:00 AM local time, Bockscar arrived at Nagasaki only to find the city shrouded in thicker clouds than Kokura had been. By this point the aircraft was running so low on fuel that Sweeney notified the crew that they would only be able to make a single pass over the city. A gap in the clouds appeared far north of the intended aimpoint, and Beahan released the bomb. The bomb descended to an altitude of 1,650 feet (500 metres) and, at 11:02 AM, exploded over the Urakami Valley, northwest of the city centre. Fat Man detonated with the explosive force of 21,000 tons of TNT. An estimated 40,000 people were killed instantly, and at least 30,000 more would succumb to their injuries and radiation poisoning by the end of the year. An exact accounting of the death toll would prove impossible, as many records were destroyed by the bomb. About 40 percent of the city’s buildings were completely destroyed or severely damaged, but a significant part of Nagasaki—particularly in the southeastern industrial and government district—was relatively unscathed. Bockscar was jolted by the first of a series of shockwaves as it flew away, and observation planes captured photographs of the mushroom cloud as it rose tens of thousands of feet into the air. Unable to return to Tinian because of his increasingly desperate fuel situation, Sweeney guided Bockscar toward Okinawa, where he brought the aircraft in for an emergency landing.


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    स्रोत : www.britannica.com

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