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    which of these food items did yuri gagarin the first man in space eat during his journey


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    Space Food

    Space Food

    Source: Wikipedia Pureed meat

    Source: Raymond Cunningham-Flickr

    Corned beef Source: NASA Spoon Bowl Source: NASA Lobster Newberg Source: NASA Borscht Source: Wikipedia Moussaka

    Source: National Air and Space Museum


    Source: Scott Kelly-NASA

    Espresso Source: NASA 3D Pizza

    Tubes of pureed meat (1961)

    Source: Wikipedia

    Yuri Gagarin surely would have survived the 108 minutes of the first human space flight on April 12, 1960 without eating anything, but the Soviet Union wanted to show what could be done. So, Gagarin dined from three tubes: two filled with pureed meat and one filled with chocolate sauce. Four months later, Gherman Titov became the second person to orbit Earth, and the first to get really nauseated up there. It wasn’t because of the food in a tube, though – Titov was the first victim of that cousin of seasickness, space sickness.

    Corned beef sandwich (1965)

    Source: Raymond Cunningham-Flickr

    Gemini 3 command pilot Virgil “Gus” Grissom made no secret of the fact that he hated astronaut food. The menu included shrimp cocktail coated with gelatin to keep everything together. Sounds disgusting! So pilot John Young smuggled a corned beef sandwich on board for his commander. One big bite unleashed crumbs in the capsule, endangering the million-dollar mission. In the end, NASA merely rebuked the space cowboys.

    Spoon Bowl (1972) Source: NASA

    A sticky treat for Eugene “Gene” Cernan (Apollo 17): Hot water enhanced the culinary experience for the Apollo astronauts. The water was poured into “spoon bowls” – plastic containers holding freeze-dried powders – and the contents were then kneaded. The resulting puree safely stuck to the spoon. A 16-minute discussion between Apollo 12 and Houston about whether a serving of tuna from the previous day – likewise made from a powder – was still edible is the stuff of legend.

    Lobster Newberg (1973)

    Source: NASA

    Almost like being at home: This image shows US astronauts training for eating a meal in space two months before their launch in Skylab, the first scientific space station. Skylab had a freezer and 72 items on the menu (including Lobster Newberg). The table was screwed down and magnets kept the utensils in place to simulate a refined atmosphere.

    Borscht (1975) Source: NASA

    This is what détente looks like: In 1975, Apollo docked with Soyuz, a spectacular maneuver that allowed Soviet and US astronauts to transfer from one spaceship to the other. In this photo, Thomas Stafford and Donald Slayton are holding tubes of Russian borscht (beet soup), which they received as a gift from the Russians in a gesture meant to allow a friendly toast. As a little joke, the Russians had pasted vodka labels on the tubes.

    Moussaka (1978) Source: Wikipedia

    Interkosmos was a Soviet space program featuring numerous cosmonauts from allied countries – among them East German Sigmund Jähn in 1978. The head chefs for all of these missions were Bulgarians, who evidently took a secret passion for Greek food into space with them: They served moussaka, tzatziki, soups, and plenty of dried fruit. There were few complaints about it, which may have been due to the circumstances at the time, however.

    Cola (1985)

    Source: National Air and Space Museum

    The longer the space flight, the more astronauts miss the simple pleasures in life. For NASA, of course, this meant cola. Coca-Cola and Pepsi-Cola therefore developed cans for use in outer space – under high pressure as it were. A mouthpiece directed the drink into the astronaut’s mouth – and then the problems began! Even today they are not fully understood. The astronauts had to belch mightily, much more than on Earth.

    Espresso (2015)

    Source: Scott Kelly-NASA

    ISS astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti is from Milan, and the espresso for the special ISSpresso coffee machine made by Lavazza is also from Italy. Introduced in 2015, it brought a smile to the face of Cristoforetti and all the crew members who came after her. Prior to that, complaints about the terrible coffee had been a constant for 60 years of space travel. The Lavazza machine also produces steam – but not for foaming milk. This steam is used to prepare the usual astronaut food.

    3D Pizza (Soon) Source: NASA

    Party time on the ISS: In March 2019, Anne McClain and David Saint-Jacques enjoyed pizza they made themselves – in proper style, except for the part when they wrapped it in aluminum foil and baked it standing on its side. There will be pizza again in the near future: NASA’s Advanced Food Technology (AFT) Project will allow food to be made “fresh” using a 3D printer. It still starts out as a powder, but the results might be more appealing.

    स्रोत : www.heraeus.com

    What do astronauts eat in space?

    How are foods and drinks prepared for the long journey into space? How do the astronauts eat and drink?

    What do astronauts eat in space?

    How are foods and drinks prepared for the long journey into space? How do the astronauts eat and drink?

    Today, astronauts eat a varied diet that is similar to what we eat on Earth. The menu aboard the International Space Station (ISS) includes more than a hundred items - from vegetables and fruit to pre-prepared meals and desserts. Even condiments such as ketchup and mustard are available. There are three meals per day, plus snacks that can be eaten at any time, ensuring astronauts receive at least 2500 calories each day.

    Foods taken into space are pre-planned by the mission team and are often chosen from a menu by the astronauts themselves. To allow astronauts to stay in space for long periods, scientists have invented unique ways of packaging and preparing produce and meals. When planning which foods will be sent, scientists and Mission Control choose ingredients that are light-weight, nutritious and easy to eat while also remaining tasty.

    Eating in space

    There are numerous challenges to eating in space and low gravity conditions - not only the primary issue of getting the food from the package into astronaut's mouth.

    There are many health considerations. Over long periods in space, muscle mass and bone density can decrease by up to twenty per cent. This loss may not hinder astronauts while they are in orbit, but their weakened bones can prove fragile when they return to Earth, increasing the risk of fractures. Exercise and foods rich in calcium like yoghurt are therefore essential.

    As fluids act differently in space, an astronaut’s sense of taste is changed. On Earth, body fluids generally settle towards our feet. In reduced gravity, these fluids move freely in our bodies, creating a similar feeling to a head cold or blocked sinuses and leaving many foods tasting bland. To reactivate their taste buds, many astronauts to have a preference for piquant and hot foods such as peppers and spicy flavours such as horseradish or wasabi.

    Sandra Magnus and Yuri Lonchakov with food storage containers in the Zvezda Service Module. Image Credit: NASA

    First baking  in space

    In December 2019 the first cookies were baked in space. The cookie dough was provided by DoubleTree by Hilton, and was baked on board the International Space Station, taking two hours in the oven.

    We made space cookies and milk for Santa this year. Happy holidays from the @Space_Station! pic.twitter.com/sZS4KdPmhj

    — Christina H Koch (@Astro_Christina) December 26, 2019

    How do astronauts eat in space? 

    Food and drink are packaged using similar methods to those used in other forms of long voyage, especially those undertaken by the military. Primarily, zip lock bags, retort pouches and cans are used due to their light weight, compact size and airtight seals, which prevent spoilage and spillage.

    Food is prepared using microwaves and convection ovens. At the water stations, a water gun reconstitutes dehydrated meals and fills water bags. When an astronaut chooses their meal, they scan a barcode found on the back of the meal's package. This allows their mission team to keep track of what they are eating.

    Aboard the ISS, a dining room with tables and chairs fixed to the floor allow for a more normalised dining experience. Astronauts strap themselves into chairs with thigh and foot supports and eat from magnetised trays using forks, knives and spoon. Antimicrobial materials line the walls in the room, preventing the spread of bacteria.

    What foods are eaten in space?

    Historically, space food was mainly dehydrated or provided in pastes and eaten from tubes. As science and technology have provided us with new forms of food processing, packaging and ingredients, the foods have also improved to now resemble many meals we have on Earth. When planning which foods to send into space, they are divided into the following groups:

    Fresh foods - produce with a two-day shelf life such as fruit and vegetables are refrigerated onboard the spacecraft and consumed quickly to avoid spoilage. As vitamins and nutrients can generally be satisfied by other means, this produce is sent to keep morale high.

    Irradiated foods - meat and dairy produce have ionising radiation applied to them before packaging. This increases the items’ shelf life and reduces the risks associated with microbial contamination.

    Intermediate moisture - these foods contain a small quantity of water (low enough to limit microbial growth) and are often soft in texture. Processes such as salting or sun-drying are used in the creation of these items and require no further preparation.

    Natural form foods - foods such as nuts, biscuits and chocolate bars are simply packaged and ready to eat.

    Rehydratable foods and drinks - for a long time, this was the standard method of preparing food for space. Removing the water from the food or drink makes it difficult for bacteria to multiply and dramatically extends the product’s shelf-life and reduces the chance of spoilage. These products have water returned to them when the astronauts are ready to eat.

    स्रोत : www.rmg.co.uk

    KBC 2022

    KBC 2022| Which of these food items did Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, eat during his his journey?

    By Ishani Santuka - December 26, 2022

    KBC 2022| Choose the correct option

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    Question: Which of these food items did Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, eat during his his journey?

    Potato chips Glucose biscuits Sandwich Chocolate sauce

    Ans: Chocolate Sauce

    स्रोत : www.mapsofindia.com

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