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    Capital of Madhya Pradesh

    Learn more about the capital of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal. Follow BYJU’S for more information on topics related to Social Science.

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    Capital of Madhya Pradesh

    Bhopal is the capital of Madhya Pradesh. Bhopal is the administrative headquarters. This article will shed more light on the capital city of Bhopal and the state of Madhya Pradesh.

    Bhopal

    Bhopal is located in the central part of India.

    Bhopal is popularly known as the ‘City of Lakes’.

    Bhopal is known for its natural and artificial lakes.

    Bhopal is the 16th largest city in India.

    Bhopal has many institutes of national importance.

    For three consecutive years, Bhopal was ranked as the cleanest state capital city in India.

    Bhopal was chosen as one of the cities to be developed under the “Smart City Mission”.

    Bhopal – Economy

    Bhopal has many large and medium industries.

    Bhopal is an important economic and financial hub in Madhya Pradesh.

    Bhopal has many industries such as automobile, textile, electrical goods, pharmaceutics, cotton, chemicals, and jewellery.

    In 1984, Bhopal suffered from a gas tragedy which was the worst industrial disaster in the history of the world.

    Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, which is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India, is located in Bhopal.

    Madhya Pradesh – A Brief Overview

    Area-wise, the second-largest state in India is Madhya Pradesh.

    For many years, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India. After Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh, it slipped down to the second position.

    Apart from Bhopal, the other major cities in Madhya Pradesh are Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Satna, and Guna.

    Madhya Pradesh is located in Central India.

    The states bordering Madhya Pradesh are Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh.

    Soon after independence, Nagpur was the capital of Madhya Pradesh. After the States Reorganisation Act was passed, the states of India were divided based on language and Bhopal was made the new capital of Madhya Pradesh.

    Madhya Pradesh – Economy

    Madhya Pradesh has the largest reserves of copper and diamond in India.

    Madhya Pradesh is rich in other mineral resources such as dolomite, manganese, coal, and coalbed methane.

    Madhya Pradesh has important defence equipment manufacturing units.

    Madhya Pradesh is famous for honey production.

    The economy of Madhya Pradesh gets boosted by historical & religious tourism and wildlife tourism.

    Madhya Pradesh – Flora and Fauna

    Three of the eighteen biosphere reserves of India are located in Madhya Pradesh.

    Madhya Pradesh is home to ten national parks.

    Some of the most popular national parks of Madhya Pradesh are Pench National Park, Panna National Park, Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, etc.

    Indian paradise flycatcher is the state bird of Madhya Pradesh.

    The banyan tree is the state tree of Madhya Pradesh.

    Barasingha is the state animal of Madhya Pradesh.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Is Indore the capital of Madhya Pradesh?

    Indore is not the capital of Madhya Pradesh. In 1948, the state of Madhya Bharat was created. Indore was made the summer capital of Madhya Bharat. On 1st November 1956, Madhya Bharat was merged with Madhya Pradesh. After this merger, the state capital was shifted to Bhopal.

    What is the capital of Bihar?

    Patna is the capital of Bihar. Patna is a major agricultural hub and centre of trade. Patna is located on the southern bank of the river Ganges. Historically, Patna was known as Pataliputra.

    What is the capital of Goa?

    Panaji is the capital of Goa.Panaji is the largest Urban Agglomeration in Goa. Panaji is located on the banks of the Mandovi river. In 1961, India liberated Panaji and the rest of Goa from Portuguese occupation. Panaji was the capital of Portuguese India. In 1961, India liberated Panaji and the rest of Goa from the Portuguese occupation. Panaji was the capital of the union territories of Goa, and Daman and Diu from 1961 to 1981.

    What is the capital of Punjab?

    Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana. Chandigarh is the joint capital of Haryana and Punjab. Chandigarh is very famous as it is a well-planned city. Le-Corbusier, a Swiss-French architect, designed it. Chandigarh is a city, district, and union territory of India. The name Chandigarh is derived from an ancient temple named Chandi Mandir located near the city. .

    What is the capital of Kerala?

    Thiruvananthapuram is the capital of Kerala. Trivandrum is the other name of the capital of Kerala. Thiruvananthapuram is a major Information Technology hub in Kerala. Thiruvananthapuram is a major tourist destination in Kerala. The Southern Air Command headquarters of the Indian Air Force is in Thiruvananthapuram. Mahatma Gandhi had referred to Thiruvananthapuram as an “evergreen city of India.”.

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    Madhya Pradesh

    Madhya Pradesh

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to navigation Jump to search Madhya Pradesh State

    UNESCO Temples at the Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Great Stupa of Sanchi, Chital deer at Kanha National Park, Marble Rocks near Jabalpur, Bhimbetka rock shelters and Jahaz Mahal in the ancient city of Mandu

    Emblem

    Etymology: (meaning 'central') and (meaning 'province or territory')

    Anthem: "Mera Madhya Pradesh"

    ("My Madhya Pradesh")[1]

    Location of Madhya Pradesh in India

    Country  India

    Region Central India

    Formation 1 November 1956

    Capital Bhopal Largest city Indore Divisions show List Government

    • Body Government of Madhya Pradesh

    • Governor Mangubhai C. Patel

    • Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan (BJP)[2]

    • Legislature Unicameral (230 seats)

    • Parliamentary constituency

    Lok Sabha (29 seats)

    Rajya Sabha (11 seats)

    • High Court Madhya Pradesh High Court Jabalpur

    Area

    • State 308,245 km2 (119,014 sq mi)

    • Rank 2nd Population (2011)[3] • State 72,626,809 • Rank 5th

    • Density 240/km2 (610/sq mi)

    • Urban 20,059,666 • Rural 52,537,899 GDP (2021-22) [4]

    • Total ₹11.69 trillion (US$150 billion)

    • Per capita ₹124,685 (US$1,600)

    Languages • Official Hindi[5]

    Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)

    PIN

    45xxxx-46xxxx-47xxxx-48xxxx

    ISD code 91-07xxx ISO 3166 code IN-MP

    Vehicle registration MP

    HDI (2018) 0.606[6] medium · 33rd

    Literacy (2011) 70.6%[3]

    Sex ratio (2011) 931 ♀/1000 ♂[7]

    Website mp.gov.in

    Symbols of Madhya Pradesh

    Emblem

    Emblem of Madhya Pradesh

    Song Mera Madhya Pradesh

    Dance Maanch[] Mammal Barasingha

    Bird Indian Paradise Flycatcher

    Fish Mahseer[8]

    Flower white lily[9]

    Fruit Mango Tree Banyan Tree

    Madhya Pradesh (/ˌmədjə prəˈdɛʃ/,[10] Hindi: [ˈməd̪ʱjə pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); meaning 'central province') is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Jabalpur, Ujjain, Gwalior, Sagar, and Rewa being the other major cities. Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state by area and the fifth largest state by population with over 72 million residents. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the east, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest.[11]

    The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti Mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India. The Maratha Empire dominated the majority of the 18th century. After the Anglo-Maratha Wars in the 19th century, the region was divided into several princely states under the British and incorporated into Central Provinces and Berar and the Central India Agency. After India's independence, Madhya Pradesh state was created with Nagpur as its capital: this state included the southern parts of the present-day Madhya Pradesh and northeastern portion of today's Maharashtra. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region was removed and merged with the Bombay State. This state was the largest in India by area until 2000, when its southeastern Chhattisgarh region was designated a separate state.

    The economy of Madhya Pradesh is the 10th-largest in India, with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of ₹9.17 trillion (US$110 billion) and has the country's 26th highest per-capita income of ₹ 109372.[4] Madhya Pradesh ranks 23rd among Indian states in human development index.[12] Rich in mineral resources, Madhya Pradesh has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India. 25.14% of its area is under forest cover.[13] Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11.[14] In recent years, the state's GDP growth has been above the national average.[15] In 2019–20, state's GSDP was recorded at 9.07.[16]

    Contents

    1 History 2 Geography

    2.1 Location in India

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Madhya Pradesh

    Madhya Pradesh, state of India. As its name implies—madhya means “central” and pradesh means “region” or “state”—it is situated in the heart of the country. The state has no coastline and no international frontier. It is bounded by the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the southwest, and Rajasthan to the northwest. The capital is Bhopal, in the west-central part of the state. Area 119,016 square miles (308,252 square km). Pop. (2011) 72,597,565. Madhya Pradesh lies over a transitional area between the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the north and the

    Madhya Pradesh

    state, India

    By Saraswati RajuSee All Last Updated: Oct 18, 2022 Edit History

    Summary

    Read a brief summary of this topic

    Maheshwar

    Madhya Pradesh, state of India. As its name implies—madhya means “central” and pradesh means “region” or “state”—it is situated in the heart of the country. The state has no coastline and no international frontier. It is bounded by the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the southwest, and Rajasthan to the northwest. The capital is Bhopal, in the west-central part of the state. Area 119,016 square miles (308,252 square km). Pop. (2011) 72,597,565.

    Land

    Madhya Pradesh lies over a transitional area between the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the north and the Deccan plateau in the south. Its physiography is characterized by low hills, extensive plateaus, and river valleys.

    Relief

    The elevation of Madhya Pradesh ranges from 300 to 3,900 feet (90 to 1,200 metres). In the northern part of the state the land rises generally from south to north, while in the southern part it increases in elevation toward the west. Important ranges of hills are the Vindhya Range, in the west, and its northern branch, the Kaimur Hills, both of which reach elevations of 1,500 feet (460 metres), and the Satpura, Mahadeo, and Maikala ranges, in the south, which have elevations of more than 3,000 feet (900 metres). The Dhupgarh Peak (4,429 feet [1,350 metres]), near Pachmarhi in south-central Madhya Pradesh, is the state’s highest point. Northwest of the Vindhya Range is the Malwa Plateau (1,650 to 2,000 feet [500 to 600 metres]). Other features include the Rewa Plateau, in the rugged eastern region of the Vindhya Range, the Bundelkhand Upland, north of the Vindhyas, the Madhya Bharat Plateau, in the extreme northwest, and the Baghelkhand Plateau, in the northeast.

    Drainage and soils

    Madhya Pradesh contains the source of some of the most important rivers in the Indian peninsula: the Narmada, the Tapti (Tapi), the Mahanadi, and the Wainganga (a tributary of the Godavari). The Chambal forms the state’s northern border with Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Other rivers include tributaries of the Yamuna and the Son (itself a tributary of the Ganges [Ganga]).

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    Soils in Madhya Pradesh can be classified into two major groups. Fertile black soils are found in the Malwa Plateau, the Narmada valley, and parts of the Satpura Range. Less-fertile red-to-yellow soils are spread over much of eastern Madhya Pradesh.

    Climate

    The climate in Madhya Pradesh is governed by a monsoon weather pattern. The distinct seasons are summer (March through May), winter (November through February), and the intervening rainy months of the southwest monsoon (June through September). The summer is hot, dry, and windy; in Bhopal, low temperatures average in the upper 70s F (about 25 °C), while high temperatures typically reach the low 100s F (about 40 °C). Winters are usually pleasant and dry, with daily temperatures normally rising from about 50° (about 10 °C) into the upper 70s F (about 25 °C). Temperatures during the monsoon season usually range from the low 70s F (low 20s C) to the upper 80s F (low 30s C).

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    The average annual rainfall is about 44 inches (1,100 mm). In general, precipitation decreases westward and northward, from 60 inches (1,500 mm) or more in the east to about 32 inches (800 mm) in the west. The Chambal valley in the north averages less than 30 inches (750 mm) of rainfall per year. Most parts of Madhya Pradesh receive almost all of their precipitation in the monsoon months; however, there is considerable rainfall over the northern part of the state in December and January.

    Plant and animal life

    In the early 21st century, official statistics indicated that nearly one-third of the state’s total area was forested, but satellite imagery revealed the proportion to be closer to one-fifth. An even smaller percentage of Madhya Pradesh consists of permanent pasture or other grazing land. The main forested areas include the Vindhya Range, the Kaimur Hills, the Satpura and Maikala ranges, and the Baghelkhand Plateau. Among the state’s most notable trees are teak and sal (Shorea robusta), both of which are valuable hardwoods; bamboo; salai (Boswellia serrata), which yields a resin used for incense and medicine; and tendu, the leaves of which are used for rolling bidis (Indian cigarettes).

    Kanha National Park

    The forests abound in large mammals, such as tigers, panthers, bears, gaurs (wild cattle), and many types of deer, including chital (spotted deer), sambar, blackbucks, and the rare barasingha (swamp deer). The woodlands also are home to many species of birds. Madhya Pradesh has a number of national parks and many wildlife sanctuaries, of which the best known are Kanha National Park, in the southeastern part of the state, for the barasingha; Bandhavgarh National Park, in the east, for the endangered white tiger; and Shivpuri (Madhav) National Park, in the north, where there is a bird sanctuary. The Kanha National Park has a sanctuary for tigers, and the National Chambal Sanctuary (administered jointly with Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh), in the northwest, has been established for the conservation of (freshwater) Ganges river dolphins (Platanista gangetica), as well as crocodiles, gavials (crocodile-like reptiles), and various large terrestrial animals.

    स्रोत : www.britannica.com

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