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    which painting school became famous for its life size portraits made in realistic style Approved answer whose school of painting became famous for life-size portraits in a realistic style Johannes Vermeer | Biography Art Paintings Girl with ... Stylistic features of both pictorial traditions, the Utrecht School and the Rembrandt School, can be found in […]

    which painting school became famous for its life size portraits made in realistic style

    2023-03-18 13:28

    which painting school became famous for its life size portraits made in realistic style

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    whose school of painting became famous for life-size portraits in a realistic style

    Johannes Vermeer | Biography Art Paintings Girl with ...

    Stylistic features of both pictorial traditions, the Utrecht School and the Rembrandt School, can be found in Vermeer's early large-scale biblical and mythological paintings, such as Diana and Her Nymphs (c. 1653–1654; also called Diana and Her Attendants) and House of Christ, Mary and Martha ( around 1654–1656).

    7 Major Painting Styles - From Realism to Abstract - ThoughtCo

    www.thoughtco.com › art-styles-explained-realism7 Major Painting Styles - From Realism to Abstract - ThoughtCo www.thoughtco.com › art-styles-explained-realism CachedRealism. Realism, in which the subject of a painting looks like the real thing rather than being stylized or abstracted, is a style that many people consider true art. Painting. The style of painting emerged with the industrial revolution that took over Europe in the first half of the 19th century. Freed from the invention of the metal paint tube, which allowed artists to go outside the studio, painters began to focus on painting. Impressionism. Impressionism emerged in the 1980s in Europe, where artists such as Claude Monet tried to capture light not with realistic details, but with gesture and illusion. Expressionism and Fauvism. Expressionism and Fauvism are similar styles that began to appear in studios and galleries at the turn of the 20th century. Both are characterized by the use of bold unreal colors to depict life not as it is, but as it appears or appears to the artist.

    American Face Portraits - National Gallery of Art

    Hendricks came to his project of painting monumental portraits after the time he spent as an art student in Europe studying the art of the old masters. He was fascinated by the oversized "grandiose" portraits of aristocrats and the gradations of black depicted in their clothing.

    10 Self-Portrait Masters From Frida Kahlo to Cindy...

    It wasn't until the 15th century, when the German painter Albrecht Dürer began creating detailed images of his face and torso, that the self-portrait became its own genre. Since then, artists from Rembrandt to Frida Kahlo have made self-portraits a central theme in their work.

    Mona Lisa | History of painting subject Meaning and facts

    The Mona Lisa also dubbed the portrait of Francesco del Giocondo's wife, Lisa Gherardini. Italian La Gioconda or French La Joconde oil on poplar panel by Leonardo da Vinci, perhaps the most famous painting in the world.

    15th-16th centuries of Northern Europe. - National Art Gallery

    In the second half of the 14th century, a large school of art developed in Bohemia, centered in the university city of Prague and patronized by King Charles IV (1316–1378). This style, seen in the diptych The Death of Saint Clare, shares many features with the International Gothic style introduced by French and Italian artists.

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    Portrait painting

    Portrait painting

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    See portrait for more about the general topic of portraits.

    Self-portrait of Nicolas Régnier painting a portrait of Vincenzo Giustiniani, 1623–24, Fogg Art Museum.

    Portrait Painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to represent a specific human subject. The term 'portrait painting' can also describe the actual painted portrait. Portraitists may create their work by commission, for public and private persons, or they may be inspired by admiration or affection for the subject. Portraits often serve as important state and family records, as well as remembrances.

    Historically, portrait paintings have primarily memorialized the rich and powerful. Over time, however, it became more common for middle-class patrons to commission portraits of their families and colleagues. Today, portrait paintings are still commissioned by governments, corporations, groups, clubs, and individuals. In addition to painting, portraits can also be made in other media such as prints (including etching and lithography), photography, video and digital media.

    Frans Hals, later finished by Pieter Codde. . 1637. Oil on canvas, 209 × 429 cm. Group portraits were important in Dutch Golden Age painting

    It might seem obvious that a painted portrait is intended to achieve a likeness of the sitter that is recognisable to those who have seen them, and ideally is a very good record of their appearance. In fact this concept has been slow to grow, and it took centuries for artists in different traditions to acquire the distinct skills for painting a good likeness.

    Technique and practice[edit]

    Anthony van Dyck, , 1635–1636, shows profile, full face and three-quarter views, to send to Bernini in Rome, who was to sculpt a bust from this model.

    A well-executed portrait is expected to show the inner essence of the subject (from the artist's point of view) or a flattering representation, not just a literal likeness. As Aristotle stated, "The aim of Art is to present not the outward appearance of things, but their inner significance; for this, not the external manner and detail, constitutes true reality."[1] Artists may strive for photographic realism or an impressionistic similarity in depicting their subject, but this differs from a caricature which attempts to reveal character through exaggeration of physical features. The artist generally attempts a representative portrayal, as Edward Burne-Jones stated, "The only expression allowable in great portraiture is the expression of character and moral quality, not anything temporary, fleeting, or accidental."[2]

    In most cases, this results in a serious, closed lip stare, with anything beyond a slight smile being rather rare historically. Or as Charles Dickens put it, "there are only two styles of portrait painting: the serious and the smirk."[3] Even given these limitations, a full range of subtle emotions is possible from quiet menace to gentle contentment. However, with the mouth relatively neutral, much of the facial expression needs to be created through the eyes and eyebrows. As author and artist Gordon C. Aymar states, "the eyes are the place one looks for the most complete, reliable, and pertinent information" about the subject. And the eyebrows can register, "almost single-handedly, wonder, pity, fright, pain, cynicism, concentration, wistfulness, displeasure, and expectation, in infinite variations and combinations."[4]

    Portrait painting can depict the subject "full-length" (the whole body), "half-length" (from head to waist or hips), "head and shoulders" (bust), or just the head. The subject's head may turn from "full face" (front view) to profile view (side view); a "three-quarter view" ("two-thirds view") is somewhere in between, ranging from almost frontal to almost profile (the fraction is the sum of the profile [one-half of the face] plus the other side's "quarter-face";[5] alternatively, it is quantified 2⁄3, also meaning this partial view is more than half a face). Occasionally, artists have created composites with views from multiple directions, as with Anthony van Dyck's triple portrait of .[6] There are even a few portraits where the front of the subject is not visible at all. Andrew Wyeth's (1948) is a famous example, where the pose of the disabled woman – with her back turned to the viewer – integrates with the setting in which she is placed to convey the artist's interpretation.[7]

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org


    Chuck Close, in full Chuck Thomas Close, (born July 5, 1940, Monroe, Washington, U.S.—died August 19, 2021, Oceanside, New York), American artist noted for his highly inventive techniques used to paint the human face. He is best known for his large-scale Photo-realist portraits. Close began taking art lessons as a child and at age 14 saw an exhibition of Jackson Pollock’s abstract paintings, which helped inspire him to become a painter. He studied at the University of Washington School of Art (B.A., 1962) and at the Yale University School of Art and Architecture (B.F.A., 1963; M.F.A., 1964), and in 1964



    Alternate titles: super-realism

    Written by Lisa S. Wainwright

    Fact-checked by The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica

    Last Updated: Article History

    Related Topics: history of photography art

    See all related content →

    Photo-realism, also called Super-realism, American art movement that began in the 1960s, taking photography as its inspiration. Photo-realist painters created highly illusionistic images that referred not to nature but to the reproduced image. Artists such as Richard Estes, Ralph Goings, Audrey Flack, Robert Bechtle, and Chuck Close attempted to reproduce what the camera could record. Several sculptors, including the Americans Duane Hanson and John De Andrea, were also associated with this movement. Like the painters, who relied on photographs, the sculptors cast from live models and thereby achieved a simulated reality.

    Photo-realism grew out of the Pop and Minimalism movements that preceded it. Like Pop artists, the Photo-realists were interested in breaking down hierarchies of appropriate subject matter by including everyday scenes of commercial life—cars, shops, and signage, for example. Also like them, the Photo-realists drew from advertising and commercial imagery. The Photo-realists’ use of an industrial or mechanical technique such as photography as the foundation for their work in order to create a detached and impersonal effect also had an affinity with both Pop and Minimalism. Yet many saw Photo-realism’s revival of illusionism as a challenge to the pared-down Minimalist aesthetic, and many perceived the movement as an attack on the important gains that had been made by modern abstract painting.

    Photo-realists typically projected a photographed image onto a canvas and then used an airbrush to reproduce the effect of a photo printed on glossy paper. Estes claimed that the idea of the painting was involved primarily with the photograph and that the painting was just the technique of finishing it up. He chose to disguise the painterliness of his New York street scenes with the look of photography. Goings and Bechtle also sought to capture a crisp veneer by using an airbrush technique in their many images of the pervasive American car culture. Flack projected slides of opulent still-life arrangements onto canvases to be painted, thus updating the 17th-century theme of vanitas and reminding viewers of the fleeting nature of material things. Close systematically transformed photographs of his friends into giant frontal portraits, initially in black-and-white and then in colour beginning in 1970. He first put down a light pencil grid for scaling up the photograph and then sketched in the image with the airbrush; he finished the image by painting in the details.

    Lisa S. Wainwright The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica

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