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    DSL modem

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    DSL modem

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    Westell Model 6100 AXXDSL DSL router

    A digital subscriber line (DSL) modem is a device used to connect a computer or router to a telephone line which provides the digital subscriber line (DSL) service for connection to the Internet, which is often called . The modem connects to a single computer or router, through an Ethernet port, USB port, or is installed in a computer PCI slot.

    The more common DSL router is a standalone device that combines the function of a DSL modem and a router, and can connect multiple computers through multiple Ethernet ports or an integral wireless access point. Also called a residential gateway, a DSL router usually manages the connection and sharing of the DSL service in a home or small office network.

    Different DSL routers and modems support different DSL technology variants: VDSL, SDSL, and ADSL.

    Contents

    1 Description 2 Technology 2.1 DSL concept

    2.2 Data transmission

    2.3 Data rates and access

    2.4 Filters

    3 Comparison to voice-band modems

    4 Hardware components

    5 Service features 6 See also 7 References

    Description[edit]

    A DSL router consists of a box with an RJ11 jack to connect to a standard subscriber telephone line. It has several RJ45 jacks for Ethernet cables to connect it to computers or printers, creating a local network. It usually also has a USB jack which can be used to connect to computers via a USB cable, to allow connection to computers without an Ethernet port. A DSL router also has antennas to allow it to act as a wireless access point, so computers can connect to it forming a wireless network. Power is usually supplied by a cord from a wall wart transformer.

    It usually has a series of LED status lights which show the status of parts of the DSL communications link:

    Power light - indicates that the modem is turned on and has power

    Ethernet lights - there is usually a light over each Ethernet jack; a steady (or sometimes flashing) light indicates that the Ethernet link to that computer or device is functioning

    DSL light - a steady light indicates that the modem has established contact with the equipment in the local telephone exchange (DSLAM) so the DSL link over the telephone line is functioning; newer modems that support ADSL2+ bonding will have one light for each line[1]

    Internet light - a steady light indicates that the IP address and DHCP protocol are initialized and working, so the system is connected to the Internet

    Wireless light - (only in wireless DSL modems) indicates that the wireless network is initialized and working

    Many routers provide an internal web page to the local network for device configuration and status reporting. Most DSL routers are designed to be installed by the customer for which a CD or DVD containing an installation program is supplied. The program may also activate the DSL service. Upon powering the router it may take several minutes for the local network and DSL link to initialize, usually indicated by the status lights turning green. There are also PCI DSL modems, which plug into an available PCI card slot on a computer.

    Technology[edit]

    DSL concept[edit]

    The public switched telephone network, the network of switching centers, trunk lines, amplifiers and switches which transmits telephone calls from one phone to another, is designed to carry voice frequency signals, and is therefore limited to a bandwidth of 3.4 kHz. Before DSL, voice-band modems transmitted information through the telephone network with audio frequencies within that bandwidth, which limited them to a data rate of about 56 kbit/s. However, the copper wires that connect telephones with the local switching center (telephone exchange), called the subscriber loop, are actually able to carry a much wider band of frequencies, up to several megahertz.[2] This capacity is unused in normal phone service. DSL uses these higher frequencies to send digital data between the DSL modem and the local switching center, without interfering with normal telephone service. At the local switching center the data is transferred directly between the customer's phone line and internet lines, so DSL signals do not travel through the telephone network itself. It is not necessary to dial a telephone number to initiate a connection; the DSL connection is "on" whenever the modem is on.

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    How to Configure Your Computer to Connect to DSL or Cable Internet

    The installer configures your computer to communicate with DSL or cable internet. Follow the instructions to connect to your account the first time; some DSL an

    Internet Basics Articles

    How to Configure Your Computer to Connect to DSL or Cable Internet

    By: John R. Levine and Margaret Levine YoungUpdated: 12-13-2021

    The Internet For Dummies

    Explore Book Buy On Amazon

    The installer configures your computer to communicate with DSL or cable internet. Follow the instructions to connect to your account the first time; some DSL and cable modems come with a software CD you may need to use. Don’t let the installer leave until you’ve gotten online and you know the connection works.

    © iStockphoto.com / VisualField

    Even if you plan to use your computer via Wi-Fi, it’s easier to do the initial setup by plugging your computer into the router or modem with an Ethernet or USB cable. Wi-Fi has issues, like which of several networks in your neighborhood is the right one to use, while with a cable, there’s no choice, it’s the one at the other end of the cable.

    Chances are good, at this point, that you’re on the internet. You should be able to start up a web browser, such as Internet Explorer, and type the name of a website in the Address bar at the top. The web page should appear momentarily. If you have a connection with a username, it may ask you whether to connect.

    If you still can’t connect, you can try configuring Windows yourself.

    Configuring Windows 8.1 to connect

    Windows 8.1 detects an internet connection if one exists, so you may not have to do a thing. It spots Wi-Fi or a connected DSL or cable modem and does the right thing. If you have to set the connection up yourself, or fiddle with it afterwards, follow these steps:

    Press the Windows key until you see the Windows 8.1 Start screen. (That’s the screen entitled “Start” with the multicolored boxes.) If you’ve installed a Windows 7–style menu, press the Windows key once and you’ll see a menu with a search box in the lower left corner of the screen.

    Either way, you are ready to search for the Network and Sharing Center, the application that enables you to see and configure your network setup.

    Type network sharing.

    If you are on the Windows 8.1 Start screen, a Search box appears for you to type into, along with one search result: The Network and Sharing Center. If you use a Windows 7–style menu, it should also appear as a search result.

    Choose Network and Sharing Center.

    The Network and Sharing Center displays a number of options, depending on what kind of connection you have.

    Click Set Up a New Connection or Network, and then click Connect to the Internet, and then click Next.

    Enter the information provided by your ISP.

    In particular, enter the login name and password that your ISP gave you.

    Configuring Windows 7 to connect

    Windows 7 also detects an internet connection if one exists. If you need to do it yourself, choose Start→Control Panel→Network and internet→Network and Sharing Center. Then follow steps 2–4 for Windows 8.1.

    Configuring Windows Vista to connect

    If your network connects with a wired LAN connection and doesn’t require a login or password (this includes most cable modems), Vista normally configures itself automagically. For connections that require a login, follow these steps:

    Choose Start→Connect To and then click the little Set Up a Connection or Network link.

    For the Network Connection type, choose Connect to the Internet and click Next.

    Select Broadband (PPPoE).

    Enter the required information in the boxes.

    Configuring a Mac to connect

    To set up a connection from Mac running OS X, click the Apple icon in the upper left corner of the screen, choose System Preferences, and click the Network icon. You see the Network window.

    Either the USB Ethernet or Ethernet entry in the left-hand column should be green if your Mac is connected via cable to your modem. Click USB Ethernet to see its settings and follow the instructions from your ISP.

    About This Article

    This article is from the book:

    The Internet For Dummies

    About the book authors:

    John R. Levine is a recognized technology expert and consumer advocate who works against online fraud and email spam. Margaret Levine Young is a technology author who has written on topics ranging from the Internet to Windows to Access.

    This article can be found in the category:

    Internet Basics

    The Internet For Dummies Cheat Sheet

    Must-Have Web Browser Plug-Ins

    Web-Based Email Mailboxes

    Safety Checklist for Public Wi-Fi

    Online Abbreviations

    View All Articles From Book

    स्रोत : www.dummies.com

    Is a DSL port the same as a WAN port?

    Answer (1 of 8): Some of the answers seem to be a little lost in the jargon here, for what is a really simple question and deserves a simple answer. For home broadband routers the answer is no. A DSL port is for connection to a phone line having a broadband service. A WAN port is for connection ...

    Is a DSL port the same as a WAN port?

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    Sort Paul Grimshaw

    IT Architect in the Computer Industry (1983–present)Author has 3.2K answers and 9.6M answer views4y

    Some of the answers seem to be a little lost in the jargon here, for what is a really simple question and deserves a simple answer.

    For home broadband routers the answer is no. A DSL port is for connection to a phone line having a broadband service. A WAN port is for connection to a separate modem using an ethernet cable.

    The background is that there are basically two types of home router, ones with a modem built in and ones without. Modems are for connection to a specific type of broadband, usually either phone line or cable. So routers with built-in modems connect directly to the phone line or

    Related questions

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    Is it possible to connect an Ethernet cable to a DSL router?

    Martin Langmaid

    Technical Director at Slingshot6 (2016–present)5y

    Normally when a port is labelled specifically for DSL then the connection is actually for a PPPoA WAN connection ( a Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM). This is typically and RJ11 port that connects to your phone line (via microfilter) and uses just two wires.

    A WAN port is normally an RJ45 ethernet connection that would connect to the network port of your PPPoA modem and as ethernet uses 8 wires.

    Take a look at this Draytek Vigor 120 and you’ll see that the DSL port only has two copper contacts on the RJ11, whereas it has 8 port the Ethernet.

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    James Graham

    Studied Database Systems & Computer ProgrammingAuthor has 1.7K answers and 415.3K answer views4y

    Conceptually - yes Physically - no

    WAN simply stands for Wide Area Network and usually indicates your connection to the outside world. On a DSL modem, the “DSL” port is usually RJ11 whereas the “WAN” port on a router is RJ45.

    Fun fact - one is most commonly used for transporting digital signals (RJ45) whereas the other is analog (RJ11).

    Simon Clayton

    Network Solutions Architect (2018–present)4y

    WAN is a generalised term for Wide Area Network. It is access technology agnostic whereas a DSL is an access technology in it's own right. It means Digital Subscriber Line and refers to an asymmetric access method.

    DSL is a WAN access technology

    WAN access technologies include DSL, EFM, FTTC etc

    Related questions

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    Steve Tenbrink

    Network/computer engineer for 30 years.Author has 1.8K answers and 1.1M answer views4y

    Yes and no. This probably means you have a DSL modem integrated into your router and will need a DSL link to your ISP to establish a connection. However, it is not the same as an ethernet WAN port on a router that would then connect to a separate modem which could be either a cable or DSL modem. So, yes, it is a WAN port in a sense but not the same as an ethernet WAN port on a router that must then go to a separate modem.

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    Related

    What exactly is a “port number”?

    A small analogy before a formal definition, is always good for better and easy understanding. Agree?

    So, suppose that I baked a cake for my friend and send my younger brother to deliver it to her house. For this, he first opens the door of my house, comes out and then takes the route following the address of her house. Again, the door of her house has to be opened before the cake can reach her and she can taste it.

    But wait, outside the house, he finds two main doors (one leading to her tenant section), one red and one blue. So, which one is he supposed to knock to reach her directly? How to ide

    Early Cuyler

    A+ certified computer tech with too many years experienceAuthor has 131 answers and 143.2K answer views5y

    Yes, generally speaking. This assumes your router will be working with DSL as a WAN source. However, in all likelihood, you could have a T1 ,T3, or a cable modem providing your WAN link, as long as it terminates in an RJ-45 plug.

    स्रोत : www.quora.com

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