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    which state of india is known as the crown of india

    Mohammed

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    Jammu and Kashmir

    Jammu and Kashmir: If there is a Paradise on Earth…it is here, it is here, it is here! Don't you believe it? Explore on AlightIndia to know more.

    Jammu and Kashmir - The Crown of India

    As one of the great Mughal emperors of Kashmir has quoted, "Gar firdaus ruhe zamin ast…hamin asto, hamin asto, hamin asto!" meaning- If there is a Paradise on Earth…it is here, it is here, it is here!

    Keep your first step in Jammu and Kashmir, and this quote gets justified itself. Feel the serenity of nature, the strength of the vast Himalayas, the snow, the chilled lakes, the bridal beauty of the Shikaras (special boats decorated with flowers), the orchards, and the pure breezes taking your heart away!

    Located in the Himalayan mountains and shares a border with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, Jammu and Kashmir is a beautiful state in northern India. It also shares its international border with China in the north & east. With the Line of Control, which makes it separate from the Pakistan controlled territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan on the west side and northwest side as well.

    The state holds the special autonomy under Article 370 of the Indian constitution. Being a part of the erstwhile Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu, this part is always the principal subject of a territorial conflict among the neighboring countries of India including China and Pakistan. The western districts of the former princely state are famous as Azad Kashmir, and the northern territories are well-known as Gilgit-Baltistan, which have been under Pakistani control since the year 1947. The Aksai Chin region, located in the east, bordering Tibet, has also been under Chinese control since the year 1962.

    Jammu and Kashmir consist of three beautiful regions that are Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, and Ladakh. Srinagar is competitively famous as the summer capital, whereas Jammu is the winter capital. On top of it, the Kashmir valley is famed for its serene and beautiful mountainous landscape, and Jammu's various shrines attract a large number of Hindu pilgrims every year. And last but not least, Ladakh is also known as "Little Tibet," and famous for its incredible remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture. Jammu & Kashmir is the only state in India which has a large Muslim-majority population.

    History

    In the year 1925, Hari Singh moved the throne of Kashmir upwards and was the one who reigns the monarch at the end of British rule in the subcontinent in the year 1947. One of the conditions of the partition of India imposed by Britain is that the rulers of such princely states shall have the right or option to choose Pakistan or India as a country or remain independent. In 1941, Kashmir's population was around 77.06% Muslim, 20.46% Hindu, 1.37% Sikh, 1.01% Buddhist, and 0.10% were under an unspecified category.

    On 22 October 1947, locals and tribesmen were supported by Pakistan invaded Kashmir. In the starting, the Maharaja fought back bravely but appealed for guidance to the Governor-General Louis Mountbatten, who got agreed on the situation that the ruler accedes to the country. Maharaja Hari Singh had signed the Instrument of Accession at that time on 26 October 1947 in return for all the military aid and better assistance, which was approved by the Governor-General of India Lord Mountbatten the next day. While the Indian Governor-General Lord Mountbatten also approved the accession, it added the provision that it would be submitted to a significant referendum since "only the people, not the Maharaja, could decide where Kashmiris wanted to live." It was a provisional accession.

    After signing the Instrument of Accession, Indian soldiers entered Kashmir with orders to evict all the raiders. India took this matter to the United Nations. The UN resolution raised the issue and handled it sensibly by asking both India and Pakistan to vacate the respective areas they had occupied and held a proper referendum under the strict UN observation. This referendum by the United Nations, which India initially supported well, was rejected by India or after that, because in 1952, the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir was elected, so the voters voted to ensure that Kashmir region enters India.

    The diplomatic relationship between India and Pakistan soured for many other reasons. It eventually concluded in three further wars in Kashmir the Indo-Pakistani War of the year 1965, the Indo-Pakistan War of the year 1971 and the Kargil War in the year 1999. India has control of around 60% of the area of the former Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir that includes Jammu, Kashmir Valley, and Ladakh. Pakistan controls approximately 30% of the region (Gilgit–Baltistan and Azad Kashmir). China also occupied 10% of the area (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract) of the state in the year 1962.

    Geography and Climate

    Jammu and Kashmir is the abode to various valleys that is famous as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Poonch Valley, Sind Valley, and Lidder Valley. The Himalayas separated the Kashmir valley from Ladakh. On the other side, the Pir Panjal range encloses the valley from the west, and the south divides it from the Great Plains of northern India. Along with the northeastern flank of the valley, it runs the main range of the Himalayas as well. This densely well-settled and amazing valley has an average height of almost 1,850 meters (6,070 ft) above sea-level. Still, the surrounding Pir Panjal range has an average elevation of around 16,000 feet.

    Due to the extensive range of elevations, Jammu and Kashmir's biogeography is diverse and attractive. Northwestern thorn scrub forests and Himalayan subtropical pine forests are found in the little low elevations of the far southwestern area. These elevations give way to a broad and wide band of western Himalayan broadleaf forests running from the northwest-southeast area all across the Kashmir Valley.

    स्रोत : www.alightindia.com

    Why is Jammu and Kashmir known as the Crown of India?

    Answer (1 of 6): Because it sits at the top of Indian map and for egoistic reasons India doesn't want to let it go. Personally I don't think JnK is all worth such a huge Indian investment. India is bleeding people’s money like anything on J&K and it’s frustrating for few people like me. Send J&K...

    Why is Jammu and Kashmir known as the Crown of India?

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    Sort Aiman Marazi

    Lived in Jammu City, Jammu and Kashmir, India4y

    India is mother India for Indians.Aryans call upper Himalayas as fore head (mastak)of the mother India.Shivaliks with it’s fast flowing rivulets are her trusses.That which is above the upper Himalayas,that is,northern Kashmir and the knot of pamir,the cradle of Dardics of Aryans is the real crown of Mother India or Bharat Mata. Inkalash people of Hunza Valley as well as Pamiris of Tajikistan,one can still find few thousand last remaining purest Dardic Aryanas.If you see them then you will understand why the northern part of Kashmir and it's environs is called Crown of India

    Related questions

    Why is Jammu and Kashmir called the "Crown of India"?

    What do Jammu and Kashmir's people think about India?

    What is the meaning of Kashmir being called the crown of India?

    Why come Jammu and Kashmir?

    Can Jammu and Kashmir be called "Taj-i-Hind" ("Crown of India")?

    Zarath Aspa

    Studied The Environment & Sustainability (Graduated 2011)Author has 550 answers and 1.7M answer views4y

    India is mother India for Indians . Aryans call upper Himalayas as forehead(mastak) of the mother India. Shivaliks with it's fast flowing rivulets are her trusses. That which is above the upper Himalayas ,that is, northern Kashmir and the knot of Pamir, thé cradle of Dardic Aryans is the real crown of Mother India or Bharat Mata. In Kalash people of Hunza valley as well as Pamiris of Tadjikistan , One can still find few thousand last remaining purest Dardic Aryans. If you see them then you will understand why the northern part of Kashmir and it's environs is called crown of India.

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    Arpit Kumar Chauhan

    Studied at Indian Naval Academy (Graduated 2020)Author has 116 answers and 1.7M answer views4y

    Related

    Is Jammu and Kashmir known as the crown of India?

    Yes.

    If you are from KV, APS, AFS, NCS then you must have sang these lines somewhere during your schooling.

    “Kashmir ki dharti raani hai, sartaaj Himalaya hai. Sadiyo se humne isko apne khoon se pala hai.”

    So, yeah. Jammu and Kashmir is a crown jewl of India and we are proud of every inch of it!

    TR Santhanakrishnan

    Entrepreneur. Chairman/CEO. Financial technology business. Ex CFO of a 50,000 people business in USA.Author has 299 answers and 1.5M answer views11y

    Related

    To whom does Kashmir belong: Pakistan or India?

    Originally Answered: Who does Kashmir belong to. Pakistan or India?

    Depends on who you ask.

    Pakistanis would say that the principle behind the 1947 partition of British India was that Muslim majority states should go to Pakistan and Hindu majority states should go to India. Kashmir, in 1947, had a majority of Muslims (headed by a Hindu ruler) and should have gone to Pakistan. The accession to India by Kashmir was not in accordance with the principle of partition. After the stalemate of 1948 war between Pakistan and India over Kashmir, UN resolved that a plebiscite should be held on where should Kashmir go. The plebiscite was never held. At one level, it i

    Related questions

    What is the status of Jammu & Kashmir? Is it an Indian state or not? If yes, then why is it called as 'J&K' instead of 'Jammu & Kashmir'?

    What is the name of Jammu and Kashmir?

    What is the difference between Jammu, Kashmir, and India?

    Why do we say Jammu and Kashmir is part of India?

    Why was Jammu and Kashmir given to India by the British?

    Ajesh Singh Jamwal

    Lived in Jammu City, Jammu and Kashmir, India2y

    Because of itz geographical location.

    northernmost UT of India .

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    Saurabh

    Lives in IndiaAuthor has 56 answers and 292.1K answer views4y

    Because it sits at the top of Indian map and for egoistic reasons India doesn't want to let it go.

    Personally I don't think JnK is all worth such a huge Indian investment. India is bleeding people’s money like anything on J&K and it’s frustrating for few people like me. Send J&K out of India.

    Koren beddi 4y

    May be becoz it's one the top of our India's Map

    And yes we can anyways compare it with Crown in terms of its Beauty as the crown enhances the beauty of a person similarly J&k also adds beauty to our Incredible India.

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    Mir Nazir

    Lives in Kashmir Region4y

    Due to its scenic beauty perhaps. Also while looking on the map of india Kashmir resembles as the head of the map. This might be the second reason as well.

    Akshat Kaul

    Lives in Bhadarwah, Jammu And Kashmir, IndiaAuthor has 151 answers and 1.9M answer viewsUpdated 5y

    Related

    What are some lesser known facts about Jammu and Kashmir?

    स्रोत : www.quora.com

    Imperial Crown of India

    Imperial Crown of India

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    The Imperial Crown of India

    The Imperial Crown of India is the crown that was used by King George V in his capacity as Emperor of India at the Delhi Durbar of 1911.[1]

    Origin[edit]

    Tradition prohibits the Crown Jewels from leaving the United Kingdom, a product of the days when kings and queens often pawned the jewels to foreign buyers. There are also considerable risks involved in transporting the historic regalia by sea and land over such a great distance.[2] For these reasons, a new crown was made specially for George V and Queen Mary's trip to India in 1911, where they were proclaimed as Emperor and Empress of India before the princes and rulers of India.[3]

    The Crown Jewellers at the time, Garrard & Co, made the crown at a cost of £60,000, which was borne by the India Office.[1]

    Description[edit]

    The Imperial Crown of India weighs 920 g (2.03 lb) and is set with 6,170 diamonds, 9 emeralds, 4 rubies, and 4 sapphires. At the front is a very fine emerald weighing 32 carats (6.4 g).[4](p 169) The king wrote in his diary that it was heavy and uncomfortable to wear: "Rather tired after wearing my crown for 3+1⁄2 hours; it hurt my head, as it is pretty heavy."[5]

    Similar to other British crowns, it consists of a circlet with four crosses pattée and four fleurs-de-lis. However, the eight half-arches on top, which join at a typical monde and cross pattée, point upwards in the form of a Gothic ogee arch.[2] The Crown of India is the only crown of a British sovereign to have eight half-arches, in the style of continental European crowns, departing from the tradition of British crowns having two arches or four half-arches.

    Use[edit]

    King George V and Queen Mary at the Delhi Durbar, December 1911.

    George and Mary were not crowned as emperor and empress at the ceremony; the Archbishop of Canterbury, Randall Davidson, did not think it appropriate for a Christian service to take place in a country where the people were mostly Hindu or Muslim. Instead, the king simply wore the crown as he entered the durbar, and the durbar was styled as an affirmation of the king's coronation, which had already taken place in the United Kingdom six months earlier.

    It has not been used since George V returned from India. On 15 August 1947, British rule over India ended and the Dominions of India and Pakistan came into being. George VI and his British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, agreed that

    "as long as the two new Dominions remained in the Commonwealth, the crown should be retained among the Crown Jewels, but if at later date one or both were to secede it might be contended that, in view of the fact that it had been purchased out of Indian funds, the crown should be vested in some Indian authority".[4](p 167)

    The Imperial Crown of India is on public display in the Jewel House at the Tower of London.[6]

    See also[edit]

    Imperial crown

    References[edit]

    ^ Jump up to:

    Mears, Kenneth J.; Thurley, Simon; Murphy, Claire (1994). . . p. 33 – via Google Books.

    ^ Jump up to:

    Younghusband, George, Sir (1919). . Cassell & Co. pp. 21–22 – via archive.org.

    ^ "The Imperial Crown of India". . Retrieved 7 December 2015.

    ^ Jump up to:

    Twining, Edward Francis (1960). . B.T. Batsford. ASIN B00283LZA6 – via Google Books.

    ^ Brooman, Josh (1989). (3rd ed.). Longman. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-5820-0989-9 – via Google Books.^ "The Crown Jewels". . Retrieved 7 December 2015.

    External links[edit]

    "The Imperial Crown of India". . Inventory no. 31706.

    hide v t e

    Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom

    Crowns Principal crowns St Edward's Crown

    Imperial State Crown

    Consort crowns

    Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's Crown

    Queen Mary's Crown

    Queen Alexandra's Crown

    Queen Adelaide's Crown

    Mary of Modena's State Crown

    Coronets

    Coronet of Charles, Prince of Wales

    Coronet of George, Prince of Wales

    Coronet of Frederick, Prince of Wales

    Others

    Imperial Crown of India

    Queen Victoria's Small Diamond Crown

    George IV's Coronation Crown

    George I's State Crown

    Tudor Crown Coronations robes and ornaments Robes Spurs Armills Orbs Rings Sceptres Precious stones Cullinan I Cullinan II Koh-i-Noor Black Prince's Ruby

    St Edward's Sapphire

    Stuart Sapphire Anointing objects Ampulla Coronation Spoon

    Processional objects

    Swords St Edward's Staff Trumpets Maces Plate and fonts Altar plate Banqueting plate Christening fonts Related Honours of Scotland

    Honours of the Principality of Wales

    Elizabeth II's jewels

    Diamond Diadem Great H of Scotland

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

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