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For other uses, see Khamr (disambiguation).
This article uncritically uses texts from within a religion or faith system without referring to secondary sources that critically analyze them. Please help improve this article by adding references to reliable secondary sources, with multiple points of view.
AKhamr (Arabic: خمر) is an Arabic word for wine; intoxication; the plural form, Khumūr (Arabic: خمور), is defined as alcoholic beverages, wine; liquor. In fiqh, it refers to certain forbidden substances, and its technical definition depends on the madhhab or legal school. Most jurists, including those from the Maliki, Shafiʽi, Hanbali, Ahl-i Hadith legal schools have traditionally viewed it as general term for any intoxicating beverage made from grapes, dates, and similar substances. Hanafi jurists restricted the term to a narrower range of beverages. Over time, some jurists classified other intoxicants, such as opium and khat, as , based on a hadith stating, "The Holy Prophet said: 'every intoxicant is khamr, and every intoxicant is forbidden.'"
Traditions of Muhammad indicated that khamr may be made from two plants, the grapevine and the date palm.
There are some faqīhs, particularly of the Hanafi school, who take the concept of khamr literally and forbid only grape-based (or date-based) alcoholic beverages, allowing those made with other fruits, grains, or honey. This is, however, a minority opinion.
Islamic countries have low rates of alcohol consumption. However, a minority of Muslims do drink despite religious prohibitions. Muslim-majority countries produce a variety of regional distilled beverages such as arrack and rakı. There is a long tradition of viticulture in the Middle East, particularly in Egypt (where it is legal) and in Iran (where it is banned).
1 Scriptural basis 1.1 Punishment 2 Interpretation
2.1 All alcohol or only wine debate
2.2 Of punishment 3 See also 4 References 4.1 Notes 4.2 Citations
Quranic verses that at least discourage alcohol include
They ask you about wine (khamr) and gambling. Say, "In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit."
— Qur'an 2:219, 
"O you who acknowledge, Do not go near prayer, (Salat) while you are stupified (under influence), until you know what you are saying"
— Qur'an 4:43, 
O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants (khamr), gambling, [sacrificing on] stone altars [to other than God], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.
— Qur'an 5:90, 
According to a hadith where Imam Ahmad recorded what Abu Maysarah said, the verses came after requests by `Umar to Allah, to "Give us a clear ruling regarding Al-Khamr!". Many Muslims believe the verses were revealed over time in this order to gradually nudge Muslim converts away from drunkenness and towards total sobriety, as to ban alcohol abruptly would have been too harsh and impractical.
The Quran does not prescribe a penalty for consuming alcohol. Among hadith, the only reference for punishment comes from one by Anas ibn Malik, (according to Murtaza Haider of Dawn.com in Pakistan) who is reported to have stated that Muhammad prescribed 40 lashes "administered with two palm branches ... for someone accused of consuming alcohol". Saudi Arabian scholar Saalih al-Munajjid also states that a hadith report narrated by Sahih Muslim (3281) from Anas reports that Muhammad flogged someone who had drunk wine with palm branches stripped of their leaves and with shoes.
All alcohol or only wine debate
Like the rationalist school of Islamic theology, the Muʿtazila, early Hanafi scholars upheld the unlawfulness of intoxication, but restricted its definition to fermented juice of grapes or grapes and dates. As a result, alcohol derived by means of honey, barley, wheat and millet such as whisky, beer and vodka was permitted according to Abu Hanifa and Abu Yusuf, although all forms of grape alcohol were banned absolutely. This was in stark contrast to other schools of fiqh, which prohibit consumption of alcohol in all its forms, though Hanafis traced their view on intoxicants back to Umar (644) and Abdullah ibn Masud (.653),
Averroes, the Muslim Andalusi polymath and jurist, explained it thus in his encyclopedia of comparative Islamic jurisprudence,
In their argument by way of reasoning they said that the Koran has explicitly laid down that the Illa (underlying cause) of prohibition of khamr is that it prevents the remembrance of God and breeds enmity and hatred…[this is] found only in a certain quantity of the intoxicating liquor not in what is less than that; it follows therefore that only this quantity be prohibited.
This distinction between the legal status of wine and non-grape alcoholic beverages was reflected in early Hanafi legal doctrine. Hanafi jurists delineated drinking-related offences into two categories:
What the Quran Says About Alcohol
Alcohol, a common scientific name correlated to its products, wine, has always been a confabulation in the Islamic community. The Quran discusses wine or alcoholic/intoxicating products using the word khamr […]
What the Quran Says About Alcohol
by Quranic | Sep 26, 2022 | General | 1 comment
Alcohol, a common scientific name correlated to its products, wine, has always been a confabulation in the Islamic community. The Quran discusses wine or alcoholic/intoxicating products using the word khamr (خمر). According to hadith, khamr is what covers “intellect” and is made from five things: grapes, dates, wheat, barley and honey (Bukhari and Muslim). Covering the intellect means entering the state of unconsciousness; when someone drinks alcohol, it dulls the parts of the brain, thus affecting the ability to make decisions and remain conscious.
The Three-Step Prohibition
Fourteen hundred years ago, Allah SWT revealed the truth about khamr/alcohol usage in the Quran. Ayahs prohibiting alcohol were revealed in the third year after Hijrah after Battle Uhud. The alcohol prohibition analogies are mentioned three times in three different chapters of Quran; a three-step prohibition which made it easier for those addicted to alcohol to stop it gradually.
(1) At first, an answered prohibition against queries of the Prophet’s (pbuh) companions was revealed.
(2) Next, a general warning was given to forbid Muslims from attending prayers while in a drunken state.
(3) Afterwards, a revelation through the Quran made it specifically clear that alcohol has some benefits but its negative effects outweigh the good.
Moreover, the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) further clarified this to his companions to avoid any intoxicating substance that could be harmful at societal or individual level. On the other hand, there are contrasting opinions by fiqh scholars regarding alcohol usage, as to whether its drinking is only forbidden or any of its form (i.e. medicinal, cosmetics and perfumes.) This article will discuss the Quran verses and their explanation by hadiths and fiqh scholars regarding the use of alcohol/wine/khamr.
Prohibition of Intoxicants
They ask you ˹O Prophet˺ about intoxicants and gambling. Say, “There is great evil in both, as well as some benefit for people—but the evil outweighs the benefit.” (Quran, Al-Baqarah, 2:219).
Once ‘Umar al-Khattab, Muaz bin Jabul, and a few other companions approached the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) and spoke to him about khamr (wine) and maysir (gambling – game of chances). They said that these two addictions not only detract people from man’s goals but also create financial loss. This verse was revealed as an answer to their query. After the revelation of this ayah, some companions took it very seriously and stopped drinking immediately whilst others continued since the ayah does not clearly indicate the wine as haram activity (Tafsir ibn Kathir).
In this ayah drinking has not been clearly specified as an unlawful or haram activity, but its faults have been highlighted, which may lead man into numerous wicked acts that are sinful. The Quran plainly states in this ayah that alcohol or wine (khamr) consumption is a major sin – اِثْمٌ كَبِیْرٌ – and according to Quran and sunnah, major sins are explicitly prohibited. Moreover, it should be noted here that the term ithm – إِثْمٌ involves anything that might lead to enact a sin (Shafi). Alcohol, for example, diminishes the senses and reduces the ability of reason. Human reason serves as a check on human indulgence in wicked activities. When reason is hindered, the door is open for all kinds of sins. (Learn what the Quran says about temptation here.)
Prohibition of Alcohol For Attending Prayers
O believers! Do not approach prayer while intoxicated until you are aware of what you say, nor in a state of ˹full˺ impurity. (Quran, An-Nisa, 4:43)
One day some of the Prophet’s companions were invited to a dinner by Abdul Rehman bin Awf to his home. When dinner was done, they started drinking wine as usual. Meanwhile, maghrib salah time came. Everyone stood up and chose an imam from amongst them for the prayer. The imam began reciting the Qur’an, but due to his drunkenness, he read the Surah incorrectly (Tafsir ibn Kathir). (Learn to improve your recitation here and the meaning of what you recite here.)
This Quranic verse was revealed following the incident that happened at the house of Abdul Rehman bin Awf. It was the second step against drinking alcohol and then alcohol was declared specifically unlawful for performing prayers. Some companions stopped drinking alcohol after concluding that if something stops them from performing prayers then it would not be a good thing for them to adopt. But after this ayah, many companions also still continued drinking wine/alcohol.
Complete Prohibition of Alcohol
O believers! Intoxicants, gambling, idols, and drawing lots for decisions are all evil of Satan’s handiwork. So shun them so you may be successful. (Quran, Al-Maidah, 5:90)
Satan’s plan is to stir up hostility and hatred between you with intoxicants and gambling and to prevent you from remembering Allah and praying. Will you not then abstain? (Quran, 5:91)
Imam Ahmad bin Hambal narrated Abu Maysarah said that ‘Umar radhiAllahu ‘anhu once said, “O Allah! Give us a clear ruling regarding al-khamr (wine)!” Later, the above third and fourth ayah was revealed and included the complete prohibition of any intoxicating substance (including khamr or wine). When the last portion (Will you not then abstain?) of the ayah was recited to him, he replied, “We did abstain, we did abstain.” (Al-Qurtubi).
What verse in the Quran clearly states that drinking alcohol is strictly forbidden?
Answer (1 of 41): There are no verses in the Quran that clearly state that drinking alcohol is strictly forbidden. There’s advice regarding the consumption of intoxicants. But there’s nothing said about alcohol being forbidden. This verse is commonly cited to prove that alcohol is forbidden: O...
What verse in the Quran clearly states that drinking alcohol is strictly forbidden?
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Sort Said Mirza
Quran Alone Follower at Islam (2014–present)4y
There is no verse in the Quran that forbids drinking alcohol. Certainly intoxicants are discouraged in the Quran. It is a great thing to say God has forbidden a thing when it is not in the Quran.
Forbidden things are clearly spelled out in the Quran.
"Forbidden unto you are carrion and blood and swine-flesh....” 5:3
Intoxicants are discouraged as below verse states:
"O you who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan's handiwork. Leave it aside in order that ye may succeed."5:90
As you can see the Quran is a clear book and it is up to us to
Does Surah 4:43 in the Quran say that alcohol is legalized in Islam?
What are the alcohol Verses in the Koran?
Mohammad tells his followers do not drink alcohol and Jesus says to his follower you can drink alcohol. Is Jesus and Mohammad playing a game or what or something else?
I drank alcohol and I am a Muslim. I know that my forgiveness is not accepted for 40 days. In these 40 days, I drank again. Do we start from the beginning or are we multiplied?
Are my prayers not accepted if I touched an alcoholic drink?
Lives in Germany (2019–present)Updated 5y
What is your favourite verse from the Quran, and its meaning?
My favourite from the Quran is Surah 109:
قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ
Say: O disbelievers
لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ
I do not worship what you worship
وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ
Nor are you the worshippers of what I worship
وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمْ
Nor will I be a worshiper of what you worship
وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ
Nor will you be the worshippers of what I worship
لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ
Your religion is for you, and my religion is for me.
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Former Chief Engineer, FEWA at United Arab EmiratesAuthor has 581 answers and 3.7M answer viewsUpdated May 2
Unfortunately, some Muslims believe that intoxicants are not prohibited in Islam. They twist the Quran's verses to justify their prejudices and actions. They rarely consider stepping outside of their comfort zone or changing their lives.
The Quran categorically says that any sin is Haram- forbidden. An act that harms an individual, society, and humanity - any offense against a principle or standard, is defined as sin. Hence any sin is forbidden in Islam, also in any religion. Here is the Verse to ponder:
“Say, `My Lord has only FORBIDDEN (Harrama -حَرَّمَ) indecencies- open or secret, and SINS (
15+ years studying QuranAuthor has 2K answers and 10.1M answer views6y
Gratitude and Dua for your very important question, Jawad
Quran does not specify "Alcohol" in any verse. This word is not used in Quran. Quran prohibits "Kham'r". This is an Arabic term meaning "Covering". A piece of cloth used to cover a woman's face or her chest or her head is called, "Khimar" in Arabic. Kham'r is any substance or emotion or feeling that covers one's judgment and reasoning about right from wrong. It can be defined as a state of "intoxication", a state of "altered consciousness", a state of "stupor".
I have to admit that Quran has an all encompassing style to include ALL that
What are the verses in the holy Quran that talks about alcohol?
Is alcohol really haram in Islam? Or is it okay for my friend to drink alcohol 'over the weekends in order to relax and find peace'?
If I take one sip of alcohol in my entire life, will the Islamic God throw me in hell for all eternity for that?
I am a Muslim. Is it OK If I drink limited amount of alcohol in such a manner that I do not get drunk?
Which Quranic verse and Surat says we shouldn't drink alcohol?
Senior technician in Islam (language) & The Quran, IAP Arzew (Graduated 1979)Author has 1.9K answers and 5.5M answer views6y
The Arabs were great drinkers of wine, God in his mercy, has banned the wine through three important steps.
The first step was:
[[[(2/219) They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, "In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit." And they ask you what they should spend. Say, "The excess [beyond needs]." Thus Allah makes clear to you the verses [of revelation] that you might give thought.]]]
After the revelation of the above-quoted verse, among the believers there were people who said, since God says the sin is great, and the benefit is very