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List of national parks of India
List of national parks of India
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Valley of Flowers National Park is UNESCO World Network of Reserves since 2004.
Wildlife of India show Biodiversity show Protected areas show Conservation show Organisations show Related topics vteNational parks in India are IUCN (International Union of Conservation of Nature) category II protected areas. India's first national park was established in 1936, now known as jim corbett national park., Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger in 1973 to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. Now there are 106 national parks in India.
Further federal legislation strengthening protection for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s.
There are 106 existing national parks in India covering an area of 44,378 km2, which is 1.35% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, Dec. 2020). In addition to the above, 75 other National Parks covering an area of 16,608 km2 are proposed in the Protected Area Network Report . The network of parks will go up 176 after full implementation of the above report.
1 Definition 2 The List 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links
According to the Indian Ministry of Environment & Forests, a national park is "[a]n area, whether within a sanctuary or not, [that] can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife there in or its environment. No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state under the conditions given in CHAPTER IV, WPA 1972".
List of national parks in India:
Name State Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Anamudi Shola National Park Kerala The park is administered by Munnar Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Pampadum Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary, with Anamudi Shola providing connectivity between all these protected areas. Elephant, Tiger, Nilgiri tahr, Gaur, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Grizzled Giant Squirrel, Hanuman Langur, Sloth Bear, Flying Squirrels Pambar River
Anshi National Park Karnataka Part of Kali Tiger Reserve Great hornbill, tiger, leopard, black panther, bear, elephant. Kali River (Karnataka)
Balphakram National Park Meghalaya Balphakram means 'land of the eternal wind' according to the myth of the Garos. Wild water buffalo, red panda, elephant and eight cat species, including the tiger and marbled cat
Bandhavgarh National Park Madhya Pradesh Very high tiger density, so the saying
Gaurs reintroduced from Kanha National Park
Bengal tiger, striped hyena, caracal, gaur, sambar deer, nilgai, barking deer, chital,
Omkareshwar National Park Madhya Pradesh
Bandipur National Park Karnataka Dry deciduous forest is dominant. Also include moist deciduous forests and shrublands.
It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
Invasive Alien Species - Lantana bush, Parthenium
Chital, Bengal tiger, gray langurs, Indian giant squirrel, gaur, leopard, sambar deer, Indian elephants, honey buzzard, red-headed vulture Kabini River, Moyar River
Bannerghatta National Park Karnataka The park is part of a wildlife corridor for elephants which connects the BR Hills and the Sathyamangalam forest.
Moist deciduous forest valleys and scrubland on higher areas
Tiger, sloth bear, peacock, elephant, sambar deer, mouse deer
Betla National Park Jharkhand Tiger, Indian bison, elephant, hyenas, monkey, leopard North Koyal River
Bhitarkanika National Park Odisha A ramsar site Mangroves, saltwater crocodile, white crocodile, Indian python, black ibis, wild pigs, rhesus monkeys, olive ridley sea turtle, chital Brahmani River, Baitarani River, Dhamra River, Pathsala
Bison (Rajbari) National Park Tripura
Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar Gujarat Used to be a cheetah hunting ground
Has largest population of lesser florican
A grassland ecosystem
Successful conservation programs for the blackbuck, wolf and lesser florican (a bustard) are ongoing
Blackbucks, the endangered Indian grey wolf, the nocturnal striped hyena, Indian fox, golden jackal, jungle cat and many small mammals like hare, gerbil, field mice, mongoose and hedgehog.
Buxa Tiger Reserve West Bengal Northern boundary along international border with Bhutan and eastern boundary touches Assam
The fragile "Terai Eco-System" constitutes a part of this reserve
Buxa, serves as an international corridor for Asian elephant migration between India and Bhutan
Rajabhatkhawa Vulture Breeding Centre was established by Bombay Natural History Society to emulate the success of Jatayu Conservation Breeding Centre, Pinjore
[Solved] Which one of the following is the First National Park establ
The correct answer is Jim Corbett National Park. Key Points The first National Park in India was established as Hailey National Park in 1936. Now, it is kno
Home General Knowledge Ecology and Environment Biodiversity National Park
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Which one of the following is the First National Park established in India?
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UPPSC Civil Service 2017 Official Paper 1
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Chandoli National Park
Jim Corbett National Park
Gir Forest National Park
Dudhwa National Park
Answer (Detailed Solution Below)
Option 2 : Jim Corbett National Park
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The correct answer is Jim Corbett National Park.Key Points
The first National Park in India was established as Hailey National Park in 1936. Now, it is known as Jim Corbett National Park.Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India.
Jim Corbett National Park is located in the Nainital district and Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand.Additional InformationChandoli National Park is located in the Kolhapur, Satara, and Sangli districts of Maharashtra.
The park was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1985.
It was later declared as National Park in May 2004.Gir National Park is situated in Gujarat state.It has an area of about 1,295 square km.
The Gir Forests Reserve was created in 1913 to protect the largest of the surviving groups of Asiatic lions and established as a sanctuary in 1965.Dudhwa National park is located in the Lakhimpur-Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh.It was established as National Park in 1977.
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Which one is the first national park in India A Kanha class 8 biology CBSE
Which one is the first national park in India A Kanha National Park B Jim Corbett National Park C Kaziranga National Park D Satpura National ParkWhich one is the first national park in India?
A. Kanha National Park
B. Jim Corbett National Park
C. Kaziranga National Park
D. Satpura National Park
Answer Verified 204.3k+ viewsHint: It was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park and it is located in Nainital district. It was built to protect endangered Bengal Tiger.Complete answer:
National parks are the reserved areas which are maintained by the government for the safety and the betterment of wildlife.
We can solve this question by comparing all the options given in the questions.
> First one i.e., Kanha National Park. This park is also known as Kanha–Kisli National Park. It was established in 1955 and it is one of the largest parks of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Currently this park is divided into two protected areas.
> Moving on to the next option i.e., Jim Corbett National Park. This park is also known as Hailey National Park. It was established in 1936 and it is located in Nainital district. It was established to protect endangered Bengal tigers. From this option it is clear that we can eliminate option one as it was established after 1936.
> Moving on to option C i.e., Kaziranga National Park. The state government declared Kaziranga a designated National Park in 1968. It is located in the state of Assam. This also gets eliminated since it was also established after Jim Corbett as compared to option B.
> Now the last option is Satpura National Park. It was established in 1981 and it is located in Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh. The last option also gets eliminated. It is clear that the Jim Corbett National Park was the first national park of India which was established in 1936.Thus, the right answer is option B. i.e., Jim Corbett National ParkNote: All the national parks establishments are on the basis of the government acceptance or we can say when they became designated National Park. There are 99 National Parks in India which occupies 1.1% of geographical area and Jim Corbett National Park is the first national park of India located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand.
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