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    List of prime ministers of India

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    List of prime ministers of India

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to navigation Jump to search Politics of India show Federal government show Legislature show Executive show Judiciary show Elections show Political parties show Federalism India portal Other countries vte

    The Prime Minister of India is the head of government of the Republic of India.[1][2] Although the President of India is the constitutional, nominal, and ceremonial head of state,[3][4][5][6] in practice and ordinarily, the executive authority is vested in the Prime Minister and their chosen Council of Ministers.[7][8][6] The prime minister is the leader elected by the party with a majority in the lower house of the Indian parliament, the Lok Sabha, which is the main legislative body in the Republic of India.[9] The prime minister and their cabinet are at all times responsible to the Lok Sabha.[10][11] The prime minister can be a member of the Lok Sabha or of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the parliament. The prime minister ranks third in the order of precedence.

    The prime minister is appointed by the President of India; however the prime minister has to enjoy the confidence of the majority of Lok Sabha members, who are directly elected every five years, unless a prime minister resigns. The prime minister is the presiding member of the Council of Ministers of the Union government. The prime minister unilaterally controls the selection and dismissal of members of the Council; and allocation of posts to members within the government. This Council, which is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha as per Article 75(3), assists the President regarding the operations under the latter's powers; however, by the virtue of Article 74 of the Constitution, such 'aid and advice' tendered by the Council is binding.

    Since 1947 India has had 15 prime ministers.[a] Jawaharlal Nehru was India's first prime minister, serving as prime minister of the Dominion of India from 15 August 1947 until 26 January 1950, and thereafter of the Republic of India until his death in May 1964. (India conducted its first post-independence general elections in 1952). Earlier, Nehru had served as prime minister of the Interim Government of India during the British Raj from 2 September 1946 until 14 August 1947, his party, the Indian National Congress having won the 1946 Indian provincial elections.) Nehru was succeeded by Lal Bahadur Shastri, whose 1 year 7-month term ended in his death in Tashkent, then in the USSR, where he had signed the Tashkent Declaration between India and Pakistan.[13] Indira Gandhi, Nehru's daughter, succeeded Shastri in 1966 to become the country's first female prime minister.[14] Eleven years later, her party the Indian National Congress lost the 1977 Indian general election to the Janata Party, whose leader Morarji Desai became the first non-Congress prime minister.[15] After Desai resigned in 1979, his former associate Charan Singh briefly held office until the Congress won the 1980 Indian general election and Indira Gandhi returned as prime minister.[16] Her second term as prime minister ended five years later on 31 October 1984, when she was assassinated by her bodyguards.[14] Her son Rajiv Gandhi was sworn in as India's youngest premier. Members of Nehru–Gandhi family have been prime minister for approximately 38 years.[17]

    After a general election loss, Rajiv Gandhi's five-year term ended; his former cabinet colleague, Vishwanath Pratap Singh of the Janata Dal, formed the year-long National Front coalition government in 1989. A seven-month interlude under prime minister Chandra Shekhar followed, after which the Congress party returned to power, forming the government under P. V. Narasimha Rao in June 1991, Rajiv Gandhi having been assassinated earlier that year.[18] Rao's five-year term was succeeded by four short-lived governments—Atal Bihari Vajpayee from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) for 13 days in 1996, a year each under United Front prime ministers H. D. Deve Gowda and Inder Kumar Gujral, and Vajpayee again for 19 months in 1998–99.[18] In 1998, Vajpayee's National Democratic Alliance (NDA) won the general election, the first non-Congress alliance to do so, and he served a full five-year term as prime minister.[19] The Congress, and its United Progressive Alliance won the general elections in 2004 and 2009, Manmohan Singh serving as prime minister between 2004 and 2014.[20] The BJP won the 2014 Indian general election, and its parliamentary leader Narendra Modi formed the first non-Congress single party majority government. Modi has served as prime minister since, his party winning the 2014 Indian general election.[21]


    1 List of prime ministers of India

    2 Timeline 3 Time in offices

    4 Living former prime ministers

    5 See also 6 Footnotes 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Prime Ministers of India

    Inder Kumar Gujral


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    Prime Ministers Of India

    Inder Kumar Gujral Inder Kumar Gujral

    Inder Kumar Gujral (born 4 December 1919) served as the 13th Prime Minister of the Republic of India.

    Born in the town of Jhelum in Western Punjab, now in Pakistan, he actively took part in India's freedom struggle, and was jailed in 1942 during the 'Quit India Movement'. He belongs to a famous Khatri (merchant caste) family of Gujral clan.

    Son of Late Shri Avtar Narain Gujral and Late Smt. Pushpa Gujral, Shri Gujral is M.A., B.Com. Ph.D. & D.Litt. (Hons. Causa). He was born at Jhelum (in undivided Punjab) on 4 December 1919. He and Smt. Shiela Gujral were married on May 26, 1945.

    Shri Gujral belongs to a family of freedom fighters: both his parents participated in the freedom struggle in Punjab. At the young age of eleven, he himself actively participated in the freedom struggle in 1931 and was arrested and severely beaten by the police for organising movement of young children in the Jhelum town. In 1942, he was jailed during the Quit India Movement.

    Minister in Indira Gandhi government

    In the tumultuous days of June 1975, he was minister of Information and Broadcasting. On 12 June 1975, the Allahabad high court gave a verdict that Prime Minister Indira Gandhi used unfair means in elections of 1971 and termed her election null and void.

    Later, Gujral was appointed Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union as the Indian envoy to Moscow.

    In Janata Dal

    Gujral left the Congress Party in the mid-1980s and joined the Janata Dal. The Dal was a third-party with mainly socialist leanings and regional bases. In the 1989 elections, Gujral was elected from the Jalandhar parliamentary constituency in Punjab. He served as Minister of External Affairs in the V. P. Singh cabinet. In 1989 V. P. Singh sent him to Srinagar to seal the deal with the kidnappers in the case of the 1989 kidnapping of Rubaiya Sayeed. The largest issue he had to deal with in this cabinet role was Iraq's invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent events that led to the first Gulf War of January 1991. As India's representative, he personally met with Iraq's Saddam Hussein. His hug with Hussein during the meeting remains a matter of controversy. In the 1991 mid-term parliamentary elections, Gujral contested from Patna constituency in Bihar against Janata Dal (S) candidate and then-Finance Minister Yashwant Sinha. However, the election was countermanded following complaints of large-scale irregularities.

    In 1992, Gujral was elected to Rajya Sabha and remained a key Janata Dal leader.

    After 1996 elections, when the United Front government was formed at the center under the leadership of H. D. Deve Gowda, he was again named Minister of External Affairs. During this second tenure, he propounded his 'Gujral Doctrine', which called for better relations with neighbours.

    Before becoming the Prime Minister of India in April 1997, he served the country as Union Minister or Minister of State holding different portfolios in the Ministries of Communications and Parliamentary Affairs, Information & Broadcasting, Works & Housing, Planning and Ministry of External Affairs.

    Prime Minister

    The Congress party was supporting the United Front government from outside, but decided to withdraw support, which led to the collapse of the government in April 1997. In order to avoid elections, a compromise was reached. The Congress party agreed to support another United Front government under new leader, provided its concerns—such as not being consulted before taking important decisions and being marginalized—were addressed. The United Front elected Gujral as new leader and he was sworn in as Prime Minister on 21 April 1997.

    Gujral inherited the bitterness between the Congress Party and the United Front from his predecessor, H.D. Deve Gowda. However he maintained good relations with the Congress Party, which supported his government from outside. Within a few weeks in office, Gujral faced trouble, not from the Congress party but within his own Janata Dal. The Central Bank of India asked for the permission from the governor of Bihar A. R. Kidwai to prosecute the state chief minister Lalu Prasad Yadav in a corruption case related to the purchase of fodder for the cattle (see Fodder Scam). The state governor granted the permission for the prosecution of the chief minister and demand for the resignation of Yadav was raised both from within and out of the United Front. However, Yadav sternly rejected the demand. Prime Minister Gujral just exhorted Yadav to step down without actually taking any action against his government. When Gujral transferred the CBI director Joginder Singh, who was investigating the case against Yadav, many people considered this as an attempt on the part of Prime Minister to protect Yadav. When Yadav felt that he no longer enjoyed a commanding position in Janata Dal, he left the party and formed his own 'Rashtriya Janata Dal' (RJD) on 3 July 1997. Out of 45 Janata Dal members of parliament, 17 left the party and supported Yadav. However, the new party continued in the United Front and Gujral's government was saved from immediate danger.

    स्रोत : www.indiainfoline.com

    Prime minister MCQ [Free PDF]

    Get Prime minister Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ Quiz) with answers and detailed solutions. Download these Free Prime minister MCQ Quiz Pdf and prepare for your upcoming exams Like Banking, SSC, Railway, UPSC, State PSC.

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    Prime minister MCQ Quiz - Objective Question with Answer for Prime minister - Download Free PDF

    Last updated on Sep 19, 2022

    Latest Prime minister MCQ Objective Questions

    Prime minister MCQ Question 1:

    Which of the following cabinet committees are chaired by the Prime Minister?

    1. The Political Affairs Committee

    2. Parliamentary Affairs Committee

    3. Appointments Committee

    Select the correct answer using the code given below.

    1 and 2 only 2 and 3 only 1, and 3 only 1, 2, and 3 Answer Not Known

    Answer (Detailed Solution Below)

    Option 3 : 1, and 3 only

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    Prime minister MCQ Question 1 Detailed Solution

    The correct answer is 1 and 3 only.

    Key PointsCabinet Committees

    The Cabinet Committees are extra-constitutional in emergence. In other words, they are not mentioned in the Constitution. However, the Rules of Business provide for their establishment.

    The executive in India works under the Government of India Transaction of Business Rules, 1961. These Rules emerge out of Article 77(3) of the Constitution, which states: “The President shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.”

    The Prime Minister constitutes the Standing Committees of the Cabinet and sets out the specific functions assigned to them. He can add or reduce the number of committees.

    The following are some of the more important cabinet committees:

    The Political Affairs Committee deals with all policy matters pertaining to domestic and foreign affairs.

    The Economic Affairs Committee directs and coordinates governmental activities in the economic sphere.

    Appointments Committee decides all higher-level appointments in the Central Secretariat, Public Enterprises, Banks, and Financial Institutions.Parliamentary Affairs Committee looks after the progress of government business in the Parliament.

    The first three committees are chaired by the Prime Minister and the last one by the Home Minister.

    Of all the Cabinet Committees, the most powerful is the Political Affairs Committee, often described as a “Super-Cabinet”.

    Hence, Option 3 is correct.

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    Prime minister MCQ Question 2:

    Which one of the following Articles of the Constitution of India requires the Prime Minister of India to furnish information related to decisions of the Council of Ministers to the President of India?

    Article 78 Article 74 Article 75 Article 81 Answer Not Known

    Answer (Detailed Solution Below)

    Option 1 : Article 78

    Prime minister MCQ Question 2 Detailed Solution

    The correct answer is Article 78.

    Key PointsThe Prime Minister of IndiaThe Prime Minister of India is the head of the government of India. According to Article 75 of the Indian Constitution, the President appoints the Prime Minister.

    Article 78 states that the Prime Minister communicates all decisions made by the council of members to the President. Hence, Option 1 is correct.

    The President can also refer to issues for the consideration of the council of members.

    The executive branch is also the central advisor to the President of India and the head of the Council of Ministers.

    The Prime Minister can be a representative of either of the two houses in the Indian Parliament, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, however, he must be a representative of an ideological group or an alliance with a greater stake in Lok Sabha.Additional InformationArticle 74 states that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President.Article 75 mentions three things: the President appoints the PM and other ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the PM; Ministers hold their office during the pleasure of the President; the Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.Article 81 is related to the composition of the House of the People.

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    Prime minister MCQ Question 3:

    Name the first Indian Prime Minister to resign from the post.

    PV Narasimha Rao VP Singh

    Atal Bihari Vajpayee

    Morarji Desai

    Answer (Detailed Solution Below)

    स्रोत : testbook.com

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