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    who can amend or modify any of the fundamental rights given in the constitution

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    Can the Parliament amend or modify any of the fundamental rights given in the Constitution?

    Click here👆to get an answer to your question ✍️ Can the Parliament amend or modify any of the fundamental rights given in the Constitution?

    Question

    Can the Parliament amend or modify any of the fundamental rights given in the Constitution?

    A

    Only the president can issue directions to amend them.

    B

    The Parliament cannot amend any fundamental rights.

    C

    The Parliament can do so only after a freedom.

    D

    The Parliament can amend them by special majority.

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    स्रोत : www.toppr.com

    Fundamental Rights (Article 12

    Fundamental Rights (Articles 12-35) are in Part III of the Indian Constitution. Fundamental Rights are broadly classified into 6 different rights - these rights are conferred on the citizens of India by the Constitution, these rights are inviolable. Download Fundamental Rights notes PDF. For UPSC 2022 Preparation, follow BYJU'S.

    Articles 12-35 of Indian Constitution deal with Fundamental Rights. These human rights are conferred upon the citizens of India for the Constitution tells that these rights are inviolable. Right to Life, Right to Dignity, Right to Education etc. all come under one of the six main fundamental rights.

    Fundamental rights are a very important topic in the polity section of the UPSC exam. It is a basic static portion of the syllabus but it is highly dynamic in the sense that it is featured in the daily news in some form or the other. Hence, it is highly important for the IAS exam.

    In this article, you can read all about 6 fundamental rights of India:

    Right to EqualityRight to FreedomRight against ExploitationRight to Freedom of ReligionCultural and Educational RightsRight to Constitutional Remedies

    The significance and list of fundamental rights for the UPSC exam are also given in the article.

    Aspirants can get strategy articles and study material at  Free IAS Prep now!!UPSC Previous Year Question PapersCurrent AffairsUPSC Notes PDFIAS Mock Tests NCERT Notes PDF

    What are the Fundamental Rights?

    Fundamental rights are the basic human rights enshrined in the Constitution of India which are guaranteed to all citizens. They are applied without discrimination on the basis of race, religion, gender, etc. Significantly, fundamental rights are enforceable by the courts, subject to certain conditions.

    Why are they called Fundamental Rights?

    These rights are called fundamental rights because of two reasons:

    They are enshrined in the Constitution which guarantees them

    They are justiciable (enforceable by courts). In case of a violation, a person can approach a court of law.

    List of Fundamental Rights

    There are six fundamental rights of Indian Constitution along with the constitutional articles related to them are mentioned below:

    Right to Equality (Article 14-18)

    Right to Freedom (Article 19-22)

    Right against Exploitation (Article 23-24)

    Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28)

    Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30)

    Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)

    Why Right to Property is not a Fundamental Right?

    There was one more fundamental right in the Constitution, i.e., the right to property.

    However, this right was removed from the list of fundamental rights by the 44th Constitutional Amendment.

    This was because this right proved to be a hindrance towards attaining the goal of socialism and redistributing wealth (property) equitably among the people.

    Note: The right to property is now a legal right and not a fundamental right. 

    Introduction to Six Fundamental Rights (Articles 12 to 35)

    Under this section, we list the fundamental rights in India and briefly describe each of them.

    1. Right to Equality (Articles 14 – 18)

    Right to equality guarantees equal rights for everyone, irrespective of religion, gender, caste, race or place of birth. It ensures equal employment opportunities in the government and insures against discrimination by the State in matters of employment on the basis of caste, religion, etc. This right also includes the abolition of titles as well as untouchability.

    Aspirants can read more about Right to Equality in the linked article.

    2. Right to Freedom (Articles 19 – 22)

    Freedom is one of the most important ideals cherished by any democratic society. The Indian Constitution guarantees freedom to citizens. The freedom right includes many rights such as:

    Freedom of speech

    Freedom of expression

    Freedom of assembly without arms

    Freedom of association

    Freedom to practise any profession

    Freedom to reside in any part of the country

    Read more on the Right to Freedom in the linked article.

    Some of these rights are subject to certain conditions of state security, public morality and decency and friendly relations with foreign countries. This means that the State has the right to impose reasonable restrictions on them.

    Aspirants can find the details on Right to Life (Article 21), in the linked article.

    3. Right against Exploitation (Articles 23 – 24)

    This right implies the prohibition of traffic in human beings, , and other forms of forced labour. It also implies the prohibition of children in factories, etc. The Constitution prohibits the employment of children under 14 years in hazardous conditions.

    Read more on the Right against Exploitation in the linked article.

    4. Right to Freedom of Religion (Articles 25 – 28)

    This indicates the secular nature of Indian polity. There is equal respect given to all religions. There is freedom of conscience, profession, practice and propagation of religion. The State has no official religion. Every person has the right to freely practice his or her faith, establish and maintain religious and charitable institutions.

    Read more on the Right to Freedom of Religion in the linked article.

    5. Cultural and Educational Rights (Articles 29 – 30)

    These rights protect the rights of religious, cultural and linguistic minorities, by facilitating them to preserve their heritage and culture. Educational rights are for ensuring education for everyone without any discrimination.

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    [Solved] Who can amend the fundamental rights of citizens in India?

    The correct answer is Parliament. Key Points Parliament is competent to amend the Fundamental Rights of the citizens in India. Amendment in Fundamenta

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    Question

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    Who can amend the fundamental rights of citizens in India?

    Lok Sabha Parliament Rajya Sabha Supreme Court

    Answer (Detailed Solution Below)

    Option 2 : Parliament

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    Detailed Solution

    Download Solution PDF

    The correct answer is Parliament.

    Key Points

    Parliament is competent to amend the Fundamental Rights of the citizens in India.

    Amendment in Fundamental rights can only be given effect by bringing in a Constitutional Amendment Bill.

    Amendment in Fundamental Rights needs a special majority in Parliament.

    Additional Information

    The Parliament can amend the constitution in three ways:

    By simple majority.

    By special majority.

    By special majority but with the consent of half of all the state legislature.

    By simple majority: A simple majority, that is, a majority of the members of the House present and voting.

    By special majority: A special majority of the Parliament, i.e., a two-third majority of the members of each House present and voting, and a majority (that is, more than 50 percent), of the total membership of each House.

    By special majority but with the concern of half of all the state legislature.

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