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    Gujarat is the largest producer of cotton in India. Learn more about the cotton-producing states in India. Visit BYJU’S for more information on Social Science.

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    Cotton-Producing States in India

    Gujarat is the largest producer of cotton in India. Cotton is one of the most important fibre crops and cash crops in India. This article will throw light on the top cotton-producing states of India.

    Cotton Production in India

    The top cotton-producing states of India are listed below:

    Gujarat Maharashtra Telangana Andhra Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Karnataka Haryana Rajasthan Punjab Odisha

    Cotton Production in India – One of the 3 Most Important Non-Food Crops

    The 3 important non-food crops of India are rubber, jute, and cotton.

    Among all the countries in the world, India has the largest area under cotton cultivation.

    India constitutes 37% of the world’s total area under cotton cultivation.

    In India, cotton cultivation is in the range of 10.5 million hectares to 12.20 million hectares.

    Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan Plateau.

    Cotton requires very light irrigation or rainfall.

    Cotton requires a high temperature.

    It requires 6 to 8 months for the cotton to mature.

    Cotton is a Kharif crop.

    20% of the world’s cotton is consumed in India.

    India is the second-largest consumer of cotton in the world.

    China is the world’s largest consumer of cotton.

    The worldwide consumption of cotton is 26.91 MT, and in India alone, 5.40 MT of cotton is consumed.

    Cotton in India – Economic Importance

    In India, around 40 million to 50 million people are employed in cotton processing and trade.

    Cotton plays a very important role in the agricultural and industrial economy of India.

    Cotton fibre is the basic raw material in the cotton textile industry.

    Gujarat – Largest Cotton-Producing State in India

    Apart from cotton, other important facts related to agriculture in the state of Gujarat are given below:

    The main sources of growth in Gujarat’s agriculture sector are cotton production, wheat production, fruits, vegetables, and livestock.

    Gujarat is not only the main producer of cotton but also the main producer of tobacco dates, sugar cane, milk products, and groundnuts.

    The other crops and vegetables grown in Gujarat are maize, rice, mustard, green gram, mango, sugarcane, tomato, potato, onion, lime, guava, etc.

    Gujarat’s growth rate in agriculture is around 9%.

    In Gujarat, agriculture is a success due to the presence of 8 different climatic zones.

    For more information and interesting facts on the state of Gujarat, visit the given link.

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    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Which state of India is the highest producer of cotton?

    Gujarat is the largest producer of cotton in India.

    Which states of India are famous for producing cotton?

    The states of India which are famous for producing cotton in India are Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.

    Which country is the largest producer of cotton in the world?

    India is the world’s largest producer of cotton. Around 22% of the world’s cotton is produced in India.

    Which state has the richest farmers in India?

    The state of Meghalaya, located in Northeast India, has the richest farmers in India. The farmers of Meghalaya are the richest in the country, with an average monthly household nominal income of Rs. 29,348. The second richest farmers of India are in Punjab. The farmers of Punjab earn an average monthly household nominal income of Rs. 26,701.

    Which state is number 1 in agriculture in India?

    In total food grain production, Uttar Pradesh is the number 1 state in India. As of 2020-21, the total food grain production from Uttar Pradesh is 58.32 million tonnes. Around 19% of India’s total food grain is produced from Uttar Pradesh.

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    Top 5 largest Cotton Producing state in India 2022

    Largest Cotton Producing state in India 2022. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Rajasthan and Haryana are considered top in cotton industry.

    Top 5 largest Cotton Producing state in India 2022

    BEST STATES The Readers Time January 15, 2022 2 16 minutes read

    Looking for the largest Cotton Producing state in India 2022. Then, you are in right place. Have you ever been shopping when your mother advises you to buy only cotton clothes? Or after seeing the latest fashion trends you immediately buy the clothes when you realize they are made from cotton? Cotton is that fiber that has so many uses, it has launched the economies of many countries.

    This almost pure cellulose fiber is spun into yarn to make breathable textiles and its rich history can be dated back to the earliest civilizations of mankind. Cotton has been steadily grown and used over the years with India being the largest producer of cotton in the world.

    Table of Contents

    The History of Cotton

    Cotton was first grown in ancient India dating all the way back to 5500 BC which is modern-day Baluchistan. Old civilizations like the Indus valley civilization have grown and used cotton and fragments of this textile have been found at these sites. From then on India has had a monopoly on cotton for 3000 years.

    During the Mughal age, cotton was considered a cash crop, and farmers were given state incentives to grow them through agrarian reforms. With the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, the production of cotton only increased as more and more machines were invented that would spin cotton into good quality yarn at a very high speed.

    Cotton never lost its significance through the ages, and its importance and versatility spread to other countries as well. In the decades after the Industrial revolution cotton has been grown and harvested in most countries and is spun to the yarn by the latest machines aiding the textile industry.

    The cotton industry in India

    The cotton industry of India is very vast and accounts for 18% of the global trade. It is easily exported from India and its destinations are the US, Bangladesh, China, Vietnam, Pakistan, Indonesia, Taiwan, and Thailand, among others. The states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana are collectively known as the cotton basket of India as nearly 2/3rds of cotton production comes from them.

    The excerpt from Invest India a government website sheds light on the cotton industry in India and gives you India’s contribution to global trade.

    There are 4 known species of cultivable cotton and India grows all 4 of them. 74% of all apparel exported from India is made of cotton and reputed brands like Tommy Hilfiger, Walmart, Levi Strauss, Gap, H&M to name a few all import cotton from India.

    More than 12 states grow and cultivate cotton in India and I have discussed the states that are the largest contributors to this factor.

    The largest cotton producing states in India

    The leading producer of cotton in India is Gujarat. This state produces 125 lakh bales of cotton annually and covers nearly 26.59 hectares of land. It has the ideal soil type and climate (ample sunshine throughout the year) for growing cotton and the popular cotton production regions are Vadodara, Mehsana, Bharuch, Surendranagar, and Ahmedabad. Gujarat is also the central state for the textile industry.

    Maharashtra is the second leading producer of cotton in the country. The state produces over 85 lakh bales of cotton annually and covers 42.54 lakh hectares of land. The cotton producing regions of Maharashtra are Yavatamal, Vidarbha, Khandesh, Marathwada, Akola, Wardha, and Amravati.

    Andhra Pradesh has made it to this list. Producing over 53 lakh bales annually and covering 18.27 lakh hectares of land,  the cotton producing regions of Andhra Pradesh are Guntur, Anantapur, Prakasam, and Kurnool.

    Rajasthan is next on the list. This state produces 25 lakh bales of cotton in India annually and covers over .29 lakh hectares of land. Bhilwara, Ajmer, Chittorgarh, Jhalawar, Pali and Hanumangarh are the cotton producing regions of this state.

    The next state is Haryana. It produces 22 lakh bale of cotton annually and covers 7.08 lakh hectares of land. Fatehabad, Sirsa, Hisar, Bhiwani, Jhajjar, Charkhi Dadri, Faridabad, Mewat, Palwal, Panipat, Karnal, Gurugram, Rohtak, Jind, and Kaithal are the major cotton producing areas of this state.

    As mentioned previously, the states listed above are the highest cotton-producing regions in India. Cotton is a Kharif crop that takes up to 6-8 months to mature and most cotton-growing regions in India sow the crop in the months of April-May and harvest in the months of December-January before the frost settles in.

    Growing and harvesting cotton is a very interesting process that has spun an industry of its own. I have elucidated on this as well so please keep reading.

    How is cotton grown?

    स्रोत : thereaderstime.in

    [Solved] Which state of India has the largest number of cotton mills?

    Maharashtra has the largest number of cotton mills. It produces 29.78 percent of the total cotton production of India. It is also called as ‘

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    Which state of India has the largest number of cotton mills?

    A. Karnataka B. Uttar Pradesh C. Maharashtra D. Gujarat

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    Maharashtra has the largest number of cotton mills.

    It produces 29.78 percent of the total cotton production of India. It is also called as ‘Cottonpolis of India’.

    India is the world’s largest producer of cotton. The states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu are the major cotton-producing areas in India.

    Nearly two - thirds of cotton production in India comes from the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana - collectively known as the Cotton Basket of India.

    The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) pegs India's cotton production at 29 million bales in the 2019-20.

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