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    who said india is an indestructible union of destructible states

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    B R Ambedkar Article 11 of the constitution of India says that India that is Bharat shall be Union of States The word Union was deliberately chosen in place of Federation to indicate that Indian Union is not the result of an agreement between states which can be broken at whim and its component states have no freedom to secede from it Thus while states can be broken reorganized by alternation of boundaries the country is a union which cannot be broken Central Government can change the name boundaries of the states without their permission also That is why Dr B R Ambedkar called India as an indestructible Union of destructible states

    Q. Who said that - India is an indestructible Union of destructible states?

    Answer: [B] B R Ambedkar

    Notes: Article 1(1) of the constitution of India says that "India, that is Bharat, shall be Union of States". The word Union was deliberately chosen in place of Federation to indicate that Indian Union is not the result of an agreement between states (which can be broken at whim) and its component states have no freedom to secede from it. Thus, while states can be broken, reorganized by alternation of boundaries, the country is a union which cannot be broken. Central Government can change the name, boundaries of the states without their permission also. That is why Dr. B R Ambedkar called India as an "indestructible Union of destructible states".

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    स्रोत : www.gktoday.in

    [Solved] The federation of which one of the following States has been

    The correct answer is U.S.A. Key Points ​The USA is an indestructible union of indestructible states, neither the Union can destroy any State, nor th

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    The federation of which one of the following States has been described as "An indestructible union of indestructible states"?

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    The correct answer is U.S.A.

    Key Points​The USA is an indestructible union of indestructible states, neither the Union can destroy any State, nor the State can destroy the Union.

    ​The US Constitution was finalized in a convention held on September 17, 1787, which required its ratification by a minimum of nine States, for it to be enforced.

    By the end of July 1788, eleven States had ratified it and the Constitution was put into operation on 13th September 1788.

    America has adopted the doctrine of the dual ship in respect of its Constitution and citizenship. It has two Constitutions, one, for America as a whole and another for each State.

    The American Constitution is described as a truly Federal Constitution. It was ratified by 50 Independent States.

    Important Points

    IndiaAccording to Dr B R Ambedkar India is an "indestructible Union of destructible states". Article 1(1) of the constitution of India says that "India, that is Bharat, shall be Union of States".

    The word Union was deliberately chosen in place of Federation to indicate that Indian Union is not the result of an agreement between states (which can be broken at whim) and its component states have no freedom to secede from it.

    But on the other hand, there is a situation of the destructible nature of the state as seen in the context of Article 3.

    Thus, while states can be broken, reorganized by the alternation of boundaries, the country is a union that cannot be broken.

    Central Government can change the name, boundaries of the states without their permission also.

    State formation process

    A bill for forming a new state or reorganization can be introduced in any house of the Parliament after the recommendations of the President.

    The President will send the bill to the concerned state assembly for their feedback. The feedback of the state will not have any effect on legislation.

    The bill has to be passed with a simple majority in both houses to become a law. It is not considered a constitutional amendment process.

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    Indestructible Union of Destructible States

    The federation is a Union, because it is indestructible. Though the country and the people may be divided into different States for convenience of administration, the country is one integrated wh...

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    Indestructible Union of Destructible States

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    The federation is a Union, because it is indestructible. Though the country and the people may be divided into different States for convenience of administration, the country is one integrated whole, its people a single people, living under a single imperium derived from a single source. - Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Constituent Assembly.

    Article 1 of the Constitution of India (the Constitution) describes India as a Union of States. Although, the Constitution is federal in structure, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar while submitting the draft clearly specified the advantages of using the term union over federation. Usage of the term union indicates that the Indian state is not the result of some sort of arrangement among the states and these states have no right or freedom to secede from India.[3]

    To be more precise, our constitution, according to Sir Kenneth Clinton Wheare[4], D. D. Basu[5] and Supreme Court judgments[6], is quasi-federal in nature yet the union has the last say and has powers to override any state’s decision. For all these reasons, India is known to be a union of states and not a federation of states like the countries of United States of America[7] wherein the Federation does not have the power to create new states or alter borders of existing states.

    As we establish how India is a union of states, we also cannot fail to notice how indestructible it is. India as a union is indestructible in order to protect the sovereignty, integrity and unity. Units or states within the union cannot secede as there is no provision for it under the Constitution. The territory and borders of India will always remain intact as no state has the authority and power of their own to alter their boundaries which could affect the union as a whole.

    Thus, it is safe to say that no decision or order by any of the states could possibly harm the union in any whatsoever but at the same time it is not true for its contrary. States in India are considered as indestructible for the simple reason that the union has more power over the state than the state itself and at any point of time, the union could pass a bill to alter its territorial boundaries.[8] Any state’s identity can be altered and obliterated and because of this states in India are considered destructible. Another interesting thing to be noted and remembered is that Article 3 in no way whatsoever allows cession of the Indian Territory to a foreign state. In order to do so, it must pass a Constitutional Amendment under Article 368.[9] Thus proving how the union is indestructible.

    India has had a long history of states reorganization. At the time India became a republic country, India had 27 states and the Constitution distinguished between them based on three types. Under Part A there were nine states which were ruled by the state legislature and an elected governor and these were the former governors’ provinces of British India. Part B had eight states governed by a Rajpramukh, who was appointed by the President, and these were former princely states or group of princely states. Ten Part C states were governed by a chief commissioner, who was too appointed by the President, and these states were either former chief commissioners’ provinces or princely states.[10]

    Post the division of states under the Constitution, the parliamentarians felt the urge to reorganize the states. Retired Chief Justice of Supreme Court, Fazal Ali, was appointed as the head of the States Reorganization Committee in 1953.[11] Reorganization of states was recommended by the three-member panel on 30th September, 1955.[12] Under the States Reorganization Act, passed in November 1956, the 27 states were reorganized to 14 states and 6 union territories.[13]

    These states were classified largely on linguistic lines which was the anti-colonial demand of the nationalist movements during that period. Indian National Congress was a big supporter of the linguistic divide and encouraged the idea of linguistic states since 1900s.[14]

    Since then, India has seen multiple reorganization acts implemented largely on linguistic grounds like the Bombay Reorganization Act, 1960 which split the Bombay State into Gujarat and Maharashtra. It has all been possible due to the implementation of just one Article for the purposes of internal reorganization. Article 3 of the Constitution allows the formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries and names of existing states as one can comprehend from the text below.[15]

    Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.Parliament may by law

    form a new state by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any state;

    increase the area of any State;

    diminish the area of any State;

    alter the boundaries of any State;

    alter the name of any State.

    Parliament’s power to enact legislations with respect to formation of new states under Article 3 of the Constitution is subjected to two conditions.

    Firstly, only on the recommendation of the President of India the bill to form new states can be proposed in either of the Houses.

    स्रोत : www.legalserviceindia.com

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