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    List of presidents of the Indian National Congress

    List of presidents of the Indian National Congress

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    President of the Indian National Congress

    Incumbent

    Sonia Gandhi

    since 10 August 2019

    Residence 24 Akbar Road, New Delhi

    Appointer Committee consisting of members of the Indian National Congress from the National and State Committees

    Term length no term limit

    Constituting instrument Constitution of the Indian National Congress[1]

    Formation 28 December 1885

    First holder Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee (1885–1886)

    Website Official website

    This article is part of a series on the

    Indian National Congress

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    The president of the Indian National Congress is the highest command of the Indian National Congress (INC), one of the principal political parties in India.[1] Constitutionally, the president is elected by an electoral college composed of members drawn from the Pradesh Congress Committees and members of the All India Congress Committee (AICC).[2] In the event of any emergency because of any cause such as the death or resignation of the president elected as above, the most senior General Secretary discharges the routine functions of the president until the Working Committee appoints a provisional president pending the election of a regular president by the AICC.[2] The president of the party has effectively been the party's national leader, head of the party's organisation, head of the Working Committee, the chief spokesman, and all chief Congress committees.[3]

    After the party's foundation in December 1885, Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee became its first president. From 1885 to 1933, the presidency had a term of one year only. From 1933 onwards, there was no such fixed term for the president.[4] During Jawaharlal Nehru's premiership, he rarely held the Presidency of INC, even though he was always head of the Legislative Party. Despite being a party with a structure, Congress under Indira Gandhi did not hold any organisational elections after 1978.[5] In 1978, Gandhi split from the INC and formed a new opposition party, popularly called Congress (I), which the national election commission declared to be the real Indian National Congress for the 1980 general election.[6][7][8] Gandhi institutionalised the practice of having the same person as the Congress President and the Prime Minister of India after the formation of Congress (I).[9] Her successors Rajiv Gandhi and P. V. Narasimha Rao also continued that practice. Nonetheless, in 2004, when the Congress was voted back into power, Manmohan Singh became the first Prime Minister not to be the president of the party since establishment of the practice of the president holding both positions.[10]

    A total of 61 people have served as the president of the Indian National Congress since its formation.[11] Sonia Gandhi is the longest serving president of the party, having held the office for over twenty years from 1998 to 2017 and since 2019.

    Contents

    1 List of party presidents

    1.1 The founding years (1885–1900)

    1.2 The pre-independence era (1901–1947)

    1.3 The post-independence era (1948–present)

    2 See also 3 References 4 External links

    List of party presidents[edit]

    The founding years (1885–1900)[edit]

    List of presidents during 1885–1900

    No. Year(s) of Presidency Name Portrait Place of Conference Reference(s)[12]

    1 1885 Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee Bombay [13]

    [14] [15]

    2 1886 Dadabhai Naoroji Calcutta [16]

    3 1887 Badruddin Tyabji Madras [17]

    [18]

    4 1888 George Yule Allahabad [19]

    5 1889 William Wedderburn Bombay [20]

    6 1890 Pherozeshah Mehta Calcutta [20]

    7 1891 Panapakkam Anandacharlu Nagpur [21]

    8 1892 Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee Allahabad [13]

    [14] [15]

    9 1893 Dadabhai Naoroji Lahore [16]

    10 1894 Alfred Webb Madras [20]

    11 1895 Surendranath Banerjee Poona [20]

    12 1896 Rahimtulla M. Sayani Calcutta [20]

    13 1897 C. Sankaran Nair Amaravati [22]

    14 1898 Anandamohan Bose Madras [22]

    15 1899 Romesh Chunder Dutt Lucknow [22]

    16 1900 N. G. Chandavarkar Lahore [22]

    The pre-independence era (1901–1947)[edit]

    List of presidents during 1901–1947

    No. Year(s) of Presidency Name Portrait Place of Conference Reference(s)[12]

    17 1901 Dinshaw Edulji Wacha Calcutta [23]

    18 1902 Surendranath Banerjee Ahmedabad [20]

    19 1903 Lalmohan Ghosh Madras [21]

    20 1904 Henry John Stedman Cotton Bombay [24]

    21 1905 Gopal Krishna Gokhale Banaras [21]

    22 1906 Dadabhai Naoroji Calcutta [16]

    23 1907 Rashbihari Ghosh Surat [21]

    24 1908 Rashbihari Ghosh Madras [21]

    25 1909 Madan Mohan Malaviya Lahore [21]

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence was___?

    J B Kripalani JB Kripalani was the President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence Acharya scholar Jiwantram Bhagwandas Kripalani was a Gandhian Socialist environmentalist mystic and freedom fighter noted for his incorruptibility and determination

    Q. President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence was___?

    Answer: [A] J. B. Kripalani

    Notes: J.B. Kripalani was the President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence. Acharya (scholar) Jiwantram Bhagwandas Kripalani was a Gandhian Socialist, environmentalist, mystic and freedom fighter, noted for his incorruptibility and determination.

    This question is part of 20000+ General Studies MCQ Series Course on GKToday Android app.

    स्रोत : www.gktoday.in

    [Solved] Who was the President of Indian National Congress at the tim

    The correct answer is J.B. Kripalani. Key Points J.B. Kripalani was the president of the Indian National Congress in 1947. Before Kripalani, the President

    Home General Knowledge Modern India (National Movement ) Foundation of the Indian National Congress

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    Who was the President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence of India?

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    C. Rajagopalachari J. B. Kripalani Jawahar Lal Nehru

    Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad

    Answer (Detailed Solution Below)

    Option 2 : J. B. Kripalani

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    The correct answer is J.B. Kripalani.

    Key PointsJ.B. Kripalani was the president of the Indian National Congress in 1947.

    Before Kripalani, the President of INC was Jawaharlal Nehru in 1946.

    After Kripalani, Pattabhi Sitaraimayya was the president of INC in 1948 & 1949.

    In 1950, Purushottam Das Tandon was the president of INC and after that in 1951, Jawaharlal Nehru was the president of INC.

    Important Points

    The Indian National Congress was founded in Bombay in December 1885.

    A.O. Hume was the founder of the Indian National Congress.

    Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee was the first President of INC in 1885.​Badruddin Tyabji was the First Muslim president of INC and overall third president of INC in 1887.Annie Besant became the first female president of INC.

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    स्रोत : testbook.com

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