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    Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?

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    Question

    Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?

    Medium Open in App Solution Verified by Toppr

    A democratic country needs a Constitution because:

    → It lays out the important guidelines that govern decision making within the various societies of the country.

    → It lays down the ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that its citizens aspire to live in.

    → It serves as an asset of rules and principles as the basis by which the country has to be governed.

    → It provides rules to safeguard the interests of minorities and prevent any kind of domination by the majority on minorities.

    → It lays down rules that guard against the misuse of power by any politician leader.

    → It also provides rights to its citizens and protects their freedom.

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    NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Civics Social Science Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution provides the answers to all questions in a descriptive way. Go through the answers created by subject experts and score high in your exams.

    NCERT SolutionsNCERT Class 8NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social ScienceClass 8 CivicsChapter 1 The Indian Constitution

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    NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Civics Social Science Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution

    NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Civics Social Science Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution NCERT Solutions Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 – Free Pdf

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 – The Indian Constitution are provided here for students to study and score good marks in the board exams. Chapter 1 of Class 8 Civics book discusses the Indian Constitution. In the beginning, the chapter explains why we need a constitution and also states 3 reasons describing it in detail.

    By going through this chapter, students will become familiar with the key features of the Indian Constitution. Here, we have provided the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 – The Indian Constitution, which contains answers to the exercise questions. These NCERT Solutions will help students in their exam preparation.

    The solutions are prepared by the expert team of faculty members at BYJU’S in a clear manner for students to understand the method of answering the questions in different ways.  Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 here and can access it for future reference as well.

    Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics (Social and Political Life) Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution:- Download PDF Here

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 – The Indian Constitution

    Exercises 1. Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?Answer: There are various reasons why a democratic country needs a Constitution:

    The basic ideals on the basis of which we as citizens aspire to live in our country are mentioned in the Constitution.

    It tells the fundamental nature of society

    To define the nature of the political system of the country

    It states a set of rules based on which people belonging to different religions and communities can peacefully co-exist with each other.

    2. Look at the wordings of the two documents given below. The first column is from the 1990 Nepal Constitution. The second column is from the more recent Constitution of Nepal.1990 Constitution of Nepal Part 7: Executive 2015 Constitution of Nepal Part 7: Federal ExecutiveArticle 35: Executive Power: The executive power of the Kingdom of Nepal shall be vested in his Majesty and the Council of Ministers Article 75: Executive Power: The Executive Power of Nepal shall, pursuant to this Constitution and law, be vested in the Council of MinistersWhat is the difference in who exercises ‘Executive Power’ in the above two Constitutions of Nepal?Answer: In Article 35 of the 1990 Constitution of Nepal, the powers to rule the country, to set rules and to manage the country are all vested in the King of the country and the Ministers appointed under him.

    However, Article 75 of the 2015 Constitution of Nepal states that the rules, governance and management of the country will be based on the laws mentioned in the Constitution of the country under the supervision of the Ministers.

    3. What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?Answer: In a democracy, the citizens of the country are responsible for electing their leaders. However, there is always a possibility that the leaders might misuse their authority and use it for wrong purposes. Hence the constitution has provided measures to safeguard the country against such misuse of powers.4. In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.(a) In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.Answer: The minority here are the 10 female teachers teaching in the school. It is important to keep the point of view of the female teachers in mind, because despite being a minority, their opinions are of great importance and no decision made keeping the majority views in mind, should cause discomfort for the female teachers.(b) In a city, 5 percent of the population are Buddhists.Answer: Here, the minority is the 5 percent Buddhist population in the city. Their views should be respected. Just because they are in a minority with different religious beliefs, they should not be disrespected. Any decision should be taken keeping in mind the religious feelings of the Buddhist population.(c) In a factory mess for all employees, 80 percent are vegetarians.Answer: The minority here are the 20 per cent non-vegetarians having food at the factory mess. It is important that the food prepared in the factory mess must be prepared for both vegetarians and non-vegetarians.(d) In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families.

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution Question 1. Why does a democratic country need a Constitution? Solution: A democratic country needs a constitution because In a democracy people choose their representatives and the leaders might […]

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution

    October 5, 2019 by Sastry CBSE

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution

    Question 1.

    Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?

    Solution:

    A democratic country needs a constitution because

    In a democracy people choose their representatives and the leaders might misuse their powers. Constitution provides safeguards against this.

    In a democracy, the constitution ensures that the dominant group does not use power against less powerful groups.

    The constitution guarantees fundamental rights to the citizens for their social, economic, and political welfare.

    Question 2.

    What is the difference in who exercises Executive Power in the 1990 and Interim Constitutions of Nepal? Keeping this in mind, why do you think Nepal needs a new Constitution today?

    Solution:

    In the 1990 Nepal constitution, the Executive powers of the Kingdom were entirely in the hands of the King. According to the Interim constitution drafted in 2007, the executive powers of Nepal are in the hands of the council of ministers headed by the Prime Minister.

    There was a dire need for a new constitution as the ideals of the people had changed as the country had moved from a monarchy to a democracy. The old constitution was drafted when the country was under the rule of the king. The people of Nepal fought for a democratic government for many years. So the old constitution does not reflect the ideals of the people. The new constitution will change the rules of the old constitution in order to bring in a new society with new ideas.

    Question 3.

    What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?

    Solution:

    If there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives then:

    These leaders (representatives) might misuse their authority.

    This misuse of authority can result in gross injustice and mismanagement.

    Question 4

    In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.

    (a) In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.

    (b) In a city, 5 percent of the population are Buddhists.

    (c) In a factory mess for all employees, 80 percent are vegetarians.

    (d) In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families.

    Solution:

    (a) 10 female teachers are in minority.

    It is important to respect the views of female teachers so that male teachers do not use their power against them.

    (b) 5 percent of Buddhists are in minority.

    It is important to respect the views of Buddhists so that they will not be dominated by the community in the majority.

    (c) 20 percent of non-vegetarian employees are in minority.

    Their views should be respected as eating non-vegetarian food is their personal choice.

    (d) 10 students belong to poor families and are in minority. Scholarships, special classes, and other welfare schemes like book bank, free supply of books, stationary and free uniform are to be planned to keep in view their requirements.

    Question 5

    Listed below are the key features of the Indian Constitution. Write two sentences, in your own words, on why you think this feature is an important key feature of

    Federalism

    Separation of Powers

    Fundamental Rights

    Parliamentary Form of Government

    Solution:

    Federalism:

    means more than one level of government in the country. India has a 3 tier government. India needs a 3 tier government because of the diverse religious and cultural composition of its citizens. A government in the centre alone could not be effective for everyone.

    Separation of Powers:

    In order to prevent the misuse of power by the elected representative the constitution advocate Separation of powers. Each branch of the government has its powers fixed by the Constitution. The Constitution ensures that a balance of power is maintained between the Legislature Executive and the Judiciary.

    Fundamental Rights: 

    Fundamental Rights guarantees the rights of individuals against the State as well as against other individuals. It protects minority communities and guarantees rights against the majority.

    Parliamentary Form of Government:

    In a Parliamentary form of government, the constitution guarantees universal adult franchise for all citizens. That is, all adults have a right to vote, irrespective of whether they are poor or rich, educated or uneducated, a Hindu, Muslim or a Christian. The idea of a universal adult franchise is based on equality.

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