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    why has india a rich heritage of flora and fauna

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    Why has India a rich heritage of flora and fauna?

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    India has rich heritage of flora and fauna because of the following factors (a) It has a very large geographical area which includes the mountains, the Northern plains, plateaus and also islands.   (b) India has a varied climate from very dry to monsoon type and temperature ranges from very hot to cold and very cold, which is suitable for different kinds of flora and fauna.   (c) India has different types of soil like alluvial soil, red soil and black soil suitable for different plant types.   (d) India is blessed with perenial rivers which sustain aquatic life apart from supporting different kinds of flora and fauna.   (e) The mountains and plains are capable of supporting and sustaining different kinds of plants and trees and provide an environment and habitat for various kinds of animal species.   India is one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world. It has about 47,000 plant species. It stands at the tenth place in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. It has 89,000 species of animals as well as a rich variety of fish. It has about 15,000 flowering plants and ferns. India is blessed with different types of soils, climatic conditions and physical features and thus, it is suitable for supporting different species of flora and fauna making it a biodiversity hot spot.

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    Why has India a rich heritage of flora and fauna?

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    India supports the growth of large variety of species of flora and fauna. The main reason is that India has favourable climate and varied topographic conditions like plains, plateaus, mountains etc.

    India is a diversified country with vast variety of flora and fauna. The main factors responsible for distribution of flora and fauna are favourable topography, availability of mineral, freshwater resources, suitable climatic conditions and soil fertility.

    From the recent estimates 47,000 species of flora are found in this country so far. Of the estimated 47,000 plant species, about 15,000 flowering species are endemic (indigenous) to India.

    India has approximately 90,000 species of animals, 2,000 bird species, which constitutes 13% of world fauna. Apart from this there are 2,546 fish species which represent 12% of world’s fatal marine life. India also has 5 to 8 percent of world’s reptiles, amphibians and mammals.

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    Why has India a rich heritage of flora and fauna?

    The reason for the rich heritage of flora and fauna in India, is due to varied climatic conditions in India, presence of many rivers, presence of rich and variety of soils. India has varied physiological features like plateau, deserts, coastal areas, islands, mountains. The popular fauna of India includes 500 different varieties of mammals, 2000 species of birds; 30,000 types of insects and several varieties of fish, amphibians and reptiles.

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